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Toussaint Dubois, Sr
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Birth: Oct. 8, 1762
Quebec, Canada
Death: Mar. 1, 1816
Clay County
Illinois, USA


The birth date of Toussaint Dubois Sr. is debatable but may have been Oct. 8, 1862. Some think he was born in 1751 or 1764. We do know that he was of French descent and that he was born near Montreal, Quebec, New France (now Canada).

Toussaint was the son of Charles Quinton Dubois (1713-1788) and Cecile Amable Couvret (1733- ?). His parents were born in Quebec, New France. While some believe he was born in France we know that both of his parent's families had immigrated to Quebec from France prior to his birth.

It is thought that Toussaint came to Vincennes between 1879-88. It was on Oct. 6, 1788 that he married his first wife Anne Jeanette "Janne" Boneau (1772-1800) at the St. Francis Zavier Parish in Vincennes. At the time of their wedding Vincennes was located in the Territory North of the Ohio River, then commonly referred to as the Northwest Territory. Vincennes in now located in Knox Co., Indiana.

Janne was the daughter of Charles Bonneau (1714-1784) and Genevieve Dudevoir (1732-1773). Janne's maiden name was spelled "Bonneau", however, her grave marker spells her name "Boneau".

Toussaint and Janne were married for twelve years and had six known children. They were Susanne Dubois (1789-1820), Toussaint Dubois Jr. (1790-1833), Henry Dubois (1792- ?), Francois Dubois (1794-1794), Charles Dubois (1795-1819) and Emanuel L. Dubois (1798-1818). All were born in or near Vincennes.

Janne died on Nov. 15, 1800 in Vincennes at the young age of 30. She was buried in what is now referred to as The Old Cathedral "French and Indian" Cemetery in Vincennes. As mentioned earlier, Janne's grave marker spells her name "Boneau". It also says she was only 28 and spells her husband's name as "Touissaint Duboi".

About 1805, approximately four years after the death of his first wife Janne, Toussaint married Marie Jane Baird (1781-1842), probably in Vincennes. By this time Toussaint was 43 years of age. Jane was only 24. Jane's first name "Marie" can be found on her son's (Jacques Debois) baptism record.

Jane was the daughter of Revolutionary War soldier Thomas Baird II (1749-1834) and Hannah Esther Kilgore (1758-1790). Both of Jane's parents were born in Pennsylvania.

Toussaint and his second wife Jane had three known children. They were Thomas Baird Dubois (1806-aft 1851), Jacques "James" Debois (1808-1856) and Jesse Kilgore Dubois (1811-1876).

Toussaint was a very successful fur trader with the Indians. Eventually, he and his partners Pierre Menard and Francis Vigo, owned general stores in Vincennes, Kaskaskia and Cahokia.

On March 1, 1816 Toussaint drown while trying to cross the rain swollen Little Wabash River on horseback in present day Clay County. The 53 year old Toussaint was returning home from a business trip to his general store in Kaskaskia, then the capital of Illinois Territory.

In reporting Toussaint's death on Mar. 16, 1816 the Western Sun (the old Vincennes weekly newspaper) wrote "On Monday last in attempt to cross the Little Wabash River, was drown Major Toussaint Dubois. In him the poor have lost a benefactor, his country a friend. He was a kind husband, an indulgent father and an honest man."

It is generally thought that Toussaint Sr is buried in The Old Cathedral "French and Indian" Cemetery located in Versailles in one of the 4,000+ unmarked graves in that cemetery. According to Leo W. Graff, Jr. (Aquinas College, Grand Rapids, Michigan) in his 1988 paper entitled Toussaint DuBois: Political Patriarch of Old Vincennes, Toussaint "...was interred in the French Cemetery in Vincennes after Masonic burial rites as recorded in the minutes of the local Masonic Lodge on March 28, 1816."

Toussaint's brother Jean Baptiste Dubois is thought to be buried there as well, also in an unmarked grave. Toussaint's first wife Janne is buried there, as is Toussaint's brother Joseph Dubois, both with readable markers.

On Dec. 20, 1818 a new Indiana county was created from portions of Orange, Pike and Perry counties. It was named Debois County in honor of Toussaint.

Family links: 
  Anne Jeannette Bonneau DuBois (1770 - 1800)
  Marie Jane Baird Dubois (1781 - 1842)*
  Toussaint DuBois (1753 - 1811)*
  Susanne Dubois Jones Mieure (1789 - 1825)*
*Calculated relationship
Saint Francis Xavier Cathedral Cemetery
Knox County
Indiana, USA
Created by: Wayne & Diane King
Record added: Jul 27, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 114449543
Toussaint Dubois, Sr
Added by: Wayne & Diane King
Toussaint Dubois, Sr
Added by: Wayne & Diane King
Toussaint Dubois, Sr
Added by: Wayne & Diane King
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My 4G-grandfather!.......Wayne
- Wayne & Diane King
 Added: Jun. 1, 2014

- Wayne & Diane King
 Added: Jul. 27, 2013

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