|Death: ||unknown, China|
Wang Jian (847-July 11, 918) born in Henan Province was the first emperor of the former Shu Kingdom during the Five Dynasties and Ten States Period.
It was said that he was a rascal when he was young, slaughtering cows, robbing donkeys, and smuggling salt. Later he joined the army promoted to troop officer because of his bravery and cleverness.
Towards the end of the Tang Dynasty, he took charge of the emperor's palace guards. Later he served as a prefecture governor of Li Zhou at the present site of Guangyuan.
Gradually, he governed the vast area in western Sichuan. In 903, he became the king of the Shu State. In 907, Zhu Quanzhong established the Later Liang Dynasty (907-923) after he defeated the Tang, Wang Jian took the opportunity to claim himself to be the emperor of the Former Shu and began to exercise his local power.
According to historical records, Wang Jian didn't have much education, but he enjoyed talking with well-learned scholars. Wang Jian treated them very well and offered them high positions in his government. At that time, war occurred frequently in central China, constantly creating chaos. Hence, many well-known scholars arrived in Sichuan and worked for Wang Jian in his state.
During the early time of the Former Shu State, Wang Jian issued a series of policies, which benefited the state and local people. His policies lightened the heavy tax burden on local farmers and encourage local farmers to develop agriculture.
The state remained prosperous for a number of years, however, as he grew old, Wang Jian believed the rumors from his eunuch and his concubines, and appointed one of his sons, Wang Yan to be his heir to the throne. After Wang Jian died, Wang Yan became the emperor, and them the Former Shu State began to decline.
In 925, the troop from the Later Tang Dynasty (926-936) attacked the Former Shu State. Within a couple of months the state was completely defeated.
Created by: Lorenzo Brieba
Record added: Sep 13, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 76453559
Added: May. 18, 2012