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Dr John Julian Chisolm
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Birth: Apr. 16, 1830
Charleston County
South Carolina, USA
Death: Nov. 1, 1903
Dinwiddie County
Virginia, USA

John Julian Chisolm was also known as Julian John Chisolm and J. J. Chisolm. He received his M.D. degree from the Medical College of the State of South Carolina in 1850 and continued his studies in Paris, with an emphasis on eye surgery. In 1859, he returned to Europe to observe the treatment of the wounded from European battles at that time.

In 1861, shortly after the outbreak of the American Civil War, Dr. Chisolm published the first edition of A Manual of Military Surgery for the Use of Surgeons in the Confederate States Army drawing heavily on his experience as an observer in military and civilian hospitals in Europe. There were two more updated editions published during the Civil War.

Dr. Chisolm was appointed to the rank of surgeon in the Confederate Army on September 20, 1861, and was initially ordered to set up a hospital in Manchester, Virginia, near Richmond. In November, 1861 he was ordered to Charleston to establish a medical purveyor's office for receiving and distributing medicines and surgical instruments to Confederate military physicians in the field and in hospitals. The purveyor's office was later moved to Columbia, South Carolina, where Chisolm also set up a medical laboratory for manufacturing pharmaceuticals made scarce by the Union naval blockade. An article he wrote for a Confederate medical journal described a way to reduce complications of traumatic wounds and an anesthesia inhaler he invented conserved scarce chloroform.

Following the war, Chisolm moved to Baltimore, Maryland to accept a special chair of eye and ear surgery created for him by the University of Maryland. He was soon elected dean of the medical faculty. While in Baltimore he founded the Baltimore Eye and Ear Hospital and the Presbyterian Charity Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. He made many contributions to medicine and surgery in his teaching, his more than 100 professional publications, his inventions, and his founding of institutions. He is considered one of the fathers of American Ophthalmology.

In September, 1894, Dr. Chisolm suffered a stroke from which he only partially recovered. He died in Petersburg, Virginia.

This biographical sketch is from:
Hambrecht, F.T. & Koste, J.L., Biographical
register of physicians who served the
Confederacy in a medical capacity.
10/05/2009. Unpublished database.

For more information about Dr. Chisolm's contributions to medicine during the American Civil War see:

Hambrecht, F. Terry (2009) J.J. Chisolm, M.D.: Confederate Medical and Surgical Innovator. Schmidt, J.M. and Hasegawa, G.R..(eds), Years of Change and Suffering: Modern Perspectives on Civil War Medicine, Edinborough Press, Roseville, Minnesota, pp. 68-87.
Family links: 
  Robert Trail Chisolm (1798 - 1883)
  Harriet M. Schutt Chisolm (____ - 1848)
  Mary Elizabeth Steel Chisolm (1865 - 1942)
  Mary Edings Chisolm Chisolm (1833 - 1888)*
  Francis Miles Chisolm (1867 - 1926)*
  John Julian Chisolm (1830 - 1903)
  Robert George Chisolm (1831 - 1907)*
  Caspar Adolphus Chisolm (1833 - 1910)*
  Evelyn Z Chisolm (1839 - ____)*
  John Bachman Chisolm (1851 - 1915)**
*Calculated relationship
J. Julian Chisolm M.D.
April 16, 1830
November 1, 1903
Green Mount Cemetery
Baltimore City
Maryland, USA
Plot: Area: Hemlock Lot: 73
Created by: bioengineer
Record added: Oct 05, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42712205
Dr John Julian Chisolm
Added by: bioengineer
Dr John Julian Chisolm
Added by: bioengineer
Dr John Julian Chisolm
Added by: bioengineer
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- Bling Blinky of Texas
 Added: Jan. 20, 2015
One of my Civil War ancestors who was wounded on Morris Island, SC at Battery Wagner in July 1863 was under medical care of Dr. Chisolm at his hospital located on Trapman Street in Charleston, SC. I believe he was a good man, not alone a great doctor.
- tbrads
 Added: May. 25, 2014

- Sharon
 Added: Feb. 13, 2014
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