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John W Abercrombie
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Birth: May 12, 1845
Georgia, USA
Death: May 1, 1887
Texas, USA

John W. Abercrombie 41, (1845-1887), was the son of James Abercrombie 48, (1818-1866), and Sarah Stepp Abercrombie 90, (1821-1911).

Originally interred in Salem Cemetery (Row 134, Lot 4, Space 1232). His remains were relocated to Killeen City Cemetery on Sept. 3, 1942 after construction began on Camp Hood.

After John's father James's death, John's mother Sarah moved with most of their children to Coryell Co and most are buried in Killeen Cemetery because of them moving from Travis Co.

During the Civil War;
John enlisted as a Confederate Private and was later promoted to Corporal in Company F, 31st Regiment, Texas Cavalry, (also known as Hawpe's Regiment Texas Cavalry or Mounted Volunteers). Hawpe's Regiment later consisting of 9 or 10 companies, was assembled at Waco, Texas, during the spring of 1862 with Texas men from Dallas, Longview, and Greenville. Detachments from the regiment were involved in several skirmishes while being trained between at Fort Gibson in July and August. Then in early August, the 31st lost 88 men down with measles in the hospital while the brigade was camped at Camp Osage. In September, the brigade were around Fort Smith, Arkansas and the Confederate Congress had changed recruiting laws and had all units release men younger than 18 and older than 45, later increased to 52. John was only just 17 then so he was either released then or may have lied about his age and stayed on?
If he stayed on the Brigade did this;
In early September detachments of the 31st and 34th rode north to attack the main camp of the 2nd Indian Home Guard which was a Union force of Osage warriors. Reb forces killed 60 to 120 men, and captured cattle and horses. On September 27, 1862, Colonel Cooper sent the 31st and an Indian battalion to recon Newtonia. The Union forces withdrew from Newtonia on the next day, and the 31st Regiment was put in charge of securing the town. By October 4th a larger Union force arrived and the southern forces retreated from Missouri for the last time, except for one raid by General Price. With the retreat, came a reorganization into a new Texas Brigade without Indians. In October there would be new brigade commanders, Colonel Thomas Coke Bass who was quickly replaced with Colonel William R. Bradfute, who soon fell ill and was replaced by Colonel Jesse L. Craven. In November General Thomas C. Hindeman decided that all the Texas units would fight dismounted and horses returned to Texas. Colonel Hawpe resigned and returned to Texas. On December 7, 1863 the brigade was in the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, near Fort Smith. General Hindeman thought to take back the northern part of Arkansas. During the battle the Texas Brigade repulsed the Union charges and answered each with counterattacks of their own. Lieutenant Colonel Guess of the 31st wrote home to his wife. "Our brigade was posted on the extreme left wing of the Army and was not called into the prominent action but a short time, but not a boy or man of them showed any disposition to flinch. The cannon balls and shells flew and burst around them and the Minnie balls whistled about their ears, but they stood calm and determined to die or win the victory." Although holding their ground, a general lack of ammunition caused General Hindeman to withdraw. It is said then that morale fell low and numerous desertions followed a near mutiny in the 31st Texas, when Brig. Gen. Bradfute ordered a man punished by Bucking. On December 31, 1862 the units were camped southeast of Fort Smith with many men AWOL, only 3 days walk from home. In January 1863, the units were put under a new commander Colonel Joseph Warren Speight of Waco and moved into winter camp in the Indian Territories. It was an extremely cold, and many did not have shelter, or coats and men died. In the spring many of the missing troops returned but many soldiers did not like to be Infantry after their start as Cavalry. At Cabin Springs in July of 1863 they lay in wait for a Union supply train but then high water on two rivers and a few cannon shots drove them off. On the 4th of July Vicksburg fell and it was just a short while until the War ended. The next battle occurred for the brigade at Stirling's Plantation near the Mississippi River on September 29th when they launched an attack on a Federal Headquarters. The 15th Texas Infantry, 11th Texas Battalion and the 31st Texas Cavalry (dismounted)overran the plantation and captured or killed everyone losing 121 Confederate casualties, while capturing 453 Union soldiers. Next a new reorganization and the command was given to Colonel Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac of France. He was a professional soldier and was given the low morale units of the 15th Texas Infantry and the 17th, 22nd, 31st and 34th Texas Cavalry Regiments and drilling until January 1864. Their first action was at Vidalia where they conducted a raid and collected 400 cattle, horses and mules and a new respect for their commander. The Union started a push up the Red River toward Shreveport the Trans-Mississippi Headquarters of the Confederacy, which set the stage for the next battle. March 8th the brigade was ordered west to stop the Union advance and a battle took place near Mansfield, Louisiana on April 8th with the Texas troops and Louisiana Brigades and a charge into Union lines forcing a their collapse and retreat. On the 9th there was a second charge, but the Union forces though not routed, continued to retreat. Total casualties for the Brigade were 213 men. The 31st lost 3. On April the 18th, 1864, they were involved in the Battle of Poison Springs. Polignac was then promoted to Major General, and Colonel Wilburn Hill King was made Brigade C.O. and promoted to Brigadier General even though he was wounded. Colonel Robert Stone of the 22nd was the acting commander. On May 14, the brigade was following the retreating Union forces. At a place called Bayou de Glaise the Texans fought a force of 18,000 Union soldiers supported by gun- boats and ironclads and the brigade lost 208 men and officers killed or wounded. There were 18 officers down including Colonel Stone who died reporting to his division commander. In November 1864 with ample supplies and cattle, were spread out over Fannin county to the poor and needy with the return of the 31st, or it may have been the large number of deserters that made it seem that way. The Brigade slowly reduced in size and Polignac's Division had only 1,132 men in October 1864. General Kerby Smith first sent the division into Arkansas for the winter quarters, but then because of low morale moved them to the warmer climate of Louisiana. In January 1865 under new brigade C.O. Colonel James E. Harrison the Texans were ordered back to Texas with the exception of the 34th which stayed in Louisiana. In March the brigade reached Hempstead, and was reorganized again into a new brigade known as the 2nd, and made part of a new division. In April the War ended on May 24 Harrison was given the order to march the regiment home and discharge his men.



 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  James Abercrombie (1818 - 1866)
  Sarah Stepp Abercrombie (1821 - 1911)
 
 Siblings:
  Elizabeth Abercrombie Gault (1843 - 1906)*
  John W Abercrombie (1845 - 1887)
  A J Abercrombie (1852 - 1921)*
  Sallie Ann Abercombie Gault (1857 - 1946)*
  Joseph Abercrombie (1862 - 1948)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Note: moved from Salem Cemetery (Ft. Hood)
 
Burial:
Killeen City Cemetery
Killeen
Bell County
Texas, USA
Plot: OS D 12
 
Created by: SD Braddy
Record added: Jul 01, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 38966337
John W Abercrombie
Added by: Amy Wendell Gibson
 
John W Abercrombie
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Michael Dover
 
 
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.


- SD Braddy
 Added: Sep. 9, 2013

- Dragon
 Added: Aug. 31, 2009
 
 
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