|Death: ||Aug. 13, 1882|
Born: ca. 1820 or 1823, Fauquier, Virginia
Died: Aug. 13, 1882
Bur: Aug. 16, 1882
Married: Two marriages.
Wife(1): Unknown name
Marriage Date: Possibly Aug. 24, 1867
Died: Dec. 20, 1870
Wife(2): RACHEL (SMITH) HENSON
Marriage Date: Aug. 14 or Aug. 24, 1874 or 1876 at AME Church, Coatesville by Rev. William Hutchings;
Died: Sept. 20, 1904
Rachel was previously married to John Henson of Coatesville. Children from that marriage were: Benjamin (b. 1835), Joseph (b. 1837), Lewis (b. 1843), Lydia (b. 1844), John (b. 1844), Franklin (b. 1847), Rebecca (b. 1854), Thomas (b. 1859).
Richard Adams, who was born in Fauquier, Virginia, was a farm laborer and for five years prior to his enlistment resided in Newlin Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. He was 5' 5" tall with a dark complexion.
Military Service: On June 26, 1863, at age 40, he enlisted for 3 years and was mustered into Co. A, 3rd Regiment of the USCT Infantry. His Company, about 80-90 strong, was formally organized at Camp William Penn, near Philadelphia in August 1863 where they were ordered to the Department of the South. Their initial assignment was to Morris Island, South Carolina where they participated in the famous Siege of Fort Wagner. The 3rd Regiment USCT arrived about one month after the most famous battle of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment and helped to finally seize Fort Wagner when it surrendered and elicited great pride in the Philadelphia area. Richard received a silver medal for "Gallant Conduct" in this battle. Richard's company suffered five deaths in the siege, although only two were from wounds while three more were from disease. Richard Adams and the 3rd USCT eventually were assigned to Jacksonville, Florida in February 1864. He served in various locations in Florida until his discharge on October 31, 1865 in Jacksonville. He was owed $22.50 at the time of his discharge.
Invalid Pension Application: Unfortunately for Richard, he became ill about July 25, 1865 while at Gainesville, Florida. His treatment for a fever was very poor by the Regimental Surgeon, Dr. Porter, who "gave him medicine; cursed and swore at him and abused and neglected him." When he recovered he was permanently disabled with rheumatism for which he eventually obtained a disability Pension in 1869. Two Coatesville area friends who also served in the 3rd Regiment USCT, Alfred Berry and Richard C. Henry, both of West Chester, supported Richard Adams claims of disability. When Richard recovered from his illness in Florida "it left him so crippled with inflammatory rheumatism that he could scarcely walk." Richard was never able to work after his return from the war and was supported by the "charity of his friends and neighbors - Abraham Gibbons, Hugh E. Steele, John Lilley - and others. After Richard's return from the war, he was under the care of Dr. (Lewis) Windle of Cochransville, Chester County who died. After that he was treated by Dr. Stone of Coatesville who also died. In 1870 Richard was under the care of Dr. Morrison of Coatesville.
Family: When Richard came home from Florida he moved to Coatesville. From a single notation in his Pension File it appears he married shortly after returning but his wife died about 1870. There is no mention in the Pension File of children from this marriage although there is also nothing that states there were no children. He re-married Rachel (Smith) Henson on August 24, 1867. Richard and Rachel were married at the A.M.E. Church in Coatesville by Rev. William(s) Hutchings. Rachel Smith (her maiden name) was previously married to John Henson (b. 1810) who died in 1865. Rachel and John Henson had several children and they are listed in the 1850 and 1860 Federal Census records. There is a slight variance between the two census records for ages and in the case of Franklin, a possible name error. He is listed as Franklin in the 1860 census and as Francis in the 1850 listing. The ages listed in the 1850 census appear to be guesses, possibly by a border or one of the children, since they appear to be in significant error with other records. The children are: Benjamin (b. 1835), Joseph (b. 1837), Lewis (b. 1843), Lydia (b. 1844), John (b. 1844), Franklin (b. 1847), Rebecca (b. 1854) and Thomas (b. 1859) Henson. It is likely that John Henson who served in the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and Lewis J. Henson, who served in the 6th USCT (see later in this writ-up) are the sons of John and Rachel Henson.
During the last days of Richard's life, in 1882, his family was unable to care for him and he was taken to the Chester County Almshouse where he died about one week later. His funeral was on August 16, 1882 in Coatesville. He was aged 59 when he died.
An 1880 Federal Census record lists Richard and Rachel Adams living in the Borough of Coatesville with a son, James and grandson, Richard S. Since it is well documented that Richard and Rachel had no children, this James must not have been James Adams. James is possibly the son of Rachel and John Henson but considerably younger than listed in the 1880 Federal Census.
Friends: In addition to the friends identified above (i.e. Abraham Gibbons, John Lilley, Hugh E. Steele) it is likely that James Henry, James A. Potts, Richard C. Henry, Alfred Berry, Joshua N. Pierce and Samuel Moore were close friends based on the length of their acquaintance with Richard.
Widow's Pension Application: After Richard died, Rachel applied for and received a Widow's Pension. Her application was witnessed by James Henry and Jacob V. Pennegar. Supporting Affidavits were from James Henry and James A. Potts (age 32), both of Coatesville. A supporting Affidavit from Priscilla Struthers also seem to indicate a long acquaintance.
Death Notice: The Pension File was closed by a notice that Rachel Adams died on Sept. 20, 1904. She was aged 92 when she died.
Associations in Richard Adams Pension File:
Affidavits: Priscilla Struthers, Irene Lee, James Henry, James A. Potts, Richard C. Henry, Alfred Berry, Joshua N. Pierce (West Chester), Samuel Moore.
Attorney: P. J. Lockwood of Washington, D.C., Charles W. Coward of West Chester, Pa.
Clerk: Edward Paist, Thos. W. Taylor
Justice of the Peace: Henry G. Thomas
Others: Abraham Gibbons, John Lilley, Hugh E. Steele
Physician: Dr. Windle, Cochransville; Dr. Brinton J. Stone, Coatesville; Dr. Morrison, Coatesville, Dr. Potter
Postmaster: F. G. Parke
Prothonotary: Alfred Rupert, Coatesville
Witnesses: Jacob v. Pennegar, Elizabeth Miller, A. Rupert, Charles Gill, J. L., Riday, Dr. Hayes Rupert
Union American Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery
Created by: Susan Lewis Arday
Record added: Jul 18, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 20513860