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Dewey "Iron Hail" Beard
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Birth: 1858
Death: 1955
South Dakota, USA

Original name Wasu Maza, member of the Minneconjou Lakota. Last survivor from either side of Battle of Little Bighorn.

After George Armstrong Custer's defeat, Wasu Maza followed Sitting Bull to Canada. They later returned to South Dakota where he lived on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation.

Iron Hail joined the Ghost Dance movement and was in Spotted Elk's band along with his parents, siblings, wife and child. He and his family left the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation on December 23, 1890 with Spotted Elk and approximately 300 other Miniconjou and 38 Hunkpapa Lakota on a winter trek to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation to avoid the trouble anticipated in the wake of Sitting Bull's murder at Standing Rock Indian Reservation. He and his family were present at the Wounded Knee Massacre, where he was shot and some of his family, including his mother, father, wife and infant child were killed.

Iron Hail took the name Dewey Beard when he converted to Roman Catholicism. He was a member of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show for 15 years.

In the early 1940s Beard and his wife Alice were raising horses on their land on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. In 1942 the US War Department annexed 341,725 acres of the reservation for use as a bombing range. Beard's family was among the 125 Lakota families uprooted from their homes. As a result they moved into a poor section of Rapid City.

When he died in 1955 at the age of ninety six, Dewey Beard was the last known Lakota survivor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn, and the last known survivor of the Wounded Knee Massacre.

[Adapted from wikipedia, 9 May 2013] 
 
Burial:
Saint Stephen Catholic Cemetery
Kyle
Shannon County
South Dakota, USA
Plot: No marker
 
Created by: Tenalquot
Record added: May 09, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 110262063
Dewey Iron Hail Beard
Added by: Tenalquot
 
Dewey Iron Hail Beard
Added by: Tenalquot
 
 
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American Indian Wars (16221924)Native American from Lakota tribe. Last survivor of Battle of the Little Big Horn. He also fought at Wounded Knee.
- Scrappy
 Added: Feb. 14, 2014

- Janice Dean LeMaster
 Added: Jan. 9, 2014
 
 
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