|Death: ||Apr. 15, 1136|
Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare was a Norman nobleman, the son of Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Clare & Tonbridge, Lord of Ceredigion, the Marcher lordship of Cardigan and Adeliza de Claremont. Richard married Alice de Gernon, the daughter of Ranulf de Meschines in 1116, and became the father of:
Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare, d. 1153, 1st Earl of Hertford
Alice de Clare (Adelize de Tonbridge), m1 Sir William de Percy, Lord of Topcliffe, m2 Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, brother of Owain Gwynedd
Robert Fitz Richard de Clare, perhaps died in childhood
Rohese de Clare, m Gilbert de Gant, Earl of Lincoln
Roger de Clare, d. 1173, 2nd Earl of Hertford
He founded the priory of St, Mary Magdalene, Tonbridge. Richard held the Lordship of Ceredigion in Wales. A Welsh revolt against Norman rule had begun in south Wales where, on 1 January 1136 the Welsh won a victory over the local Norman forces between Loughor and Swansea.
Richard had been away from his lordship in the early part of the year. Returning to the borders of Wales in April, he ignored warnings of the danger and pressed on toward Ceredigion with only a small force. He had not gone far when on 15 April he was ambushed and killed by the men of Gwent under Iorwerth ab Owain and his brother Morgan, grandsons of Caradog ap Gruffydd, in a woody tract called "the ill-way of Coed Grano", near Llanthony Abbey, north of Abergavenny. He was buried in Tonbridge Priory.
The news of Richard's death induced Owain Gwynedd, son of Gruffydd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd to invade his Lordship. In alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth, he won a crushing victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr, just outside Cardigan. The town of Cardigan was taken and burnt, and Richard's widow, Adelize, took refuge in Cardigan Castle, which was successfully defended by Robert Fitz Martin. She was rescued by Miles of Gloucester who led an expedition to bring her to safety in England.
Tonbridge and Malling Borough
Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
Record added: Jan 02, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 63613455