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Caroline L. Starkweather Thompson
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Birth: Jan. 13, 1812
Herkimer County
New York, USA
Death: Sep. 23, 1878

Who were the parents of Caroline Starkweather?

Only one Starkweather extended family was in Herkimer County, New York at the time of Caroline's birth but from which branch she sprang, is yet to be determined.

We suspect that Caroline's grandfather or great-grandfather was Nathan Starkweather, who was born 10 August 1725 in Preston, Connecticut, the second child of Richard and Mary (Plumer) Starkweather.2 He died in Herkimer County 1807.

Nathan Starkweather married Dorcas Hamlin 22 October 1751 at Preston, Connecticut and had children: Mary, Asa, Anna, Nathan, Ezra, Eli, Amos, Parley, Asher, David, and Rufus.

Nathan wrote his will 13 May 1805 in which he named children Anna, Nathan, Ezra, Amos, Parley, Asher, Rufus, and granddaughters, children of his deceased son Eli: Elizabeth, Anna, and Adah. No wife was named in the will which was probated 5 January 1813.

Mary, the oldest child, born at Killingly, Connecticut 20 July 1752, died there in 1783, leaving no children.

Amos, who was also omitted from the will, was not dead. He died in Alabama, Genesee County, New York between 11 Jan 1842 when his will was made and 23 September 1844 when it was probated. Amos Starkweather's will names sons Benjamin, Nelson, Martin Schuyler, and daughters Phebe Goodrich, Betsy Storey, and Almira Babcock who were each given $1 and daughter Florilla [?Deuel] who was given the rest of his estate. Since she is not named in the document, it seems unlikely that Amos was Caroline's father.

Examinations were attempted of the lives of the remaining sons of Nathan Starkweather, Sr. to see which of them might have been our ancestor: Asa moved to Chatham, New York and was not enumerated in Herkimer County in either 1810 or 1820; Rufas Starkweather who did reside in Warren in 1820, had no female in his household younger than 10; Nathan, Jr.'s household in 1820 included a female under 10, but in his will in 1848, no Caroline was named; Ezra resided in Warren and later in Hamilton, New York and had children: Asher, Adaline, Permelia, Merritt, Polly, Betsy, and Cynthia - no Caroline.

Remaining sons included David born 9 April 1772 in Preston, Connecticut who is not named in his father's will and may not be found in census records, and Parley born 10 February 1755 in Killingly, Connecticut, and who was named in his father's will but who, after 1810 disappeared from census and other available records.

For some time we have suspected that Parley Starkweather was Caroline's father and that he died between the time of her conception and the 1820 census. We are still trying to research and prove or disprove that theory. One difficulty is that for the first census following Caroline's birth, Parley has disappeared. We located Parley's widow's grave in Gaines, Orleans County, New York (the supposed location of Caroline and Robert Thompson's marriage) and began to research Sally Starkweather. (Note that the eldest child of Caroline and Robert Perry Thompson is named "Sally.") A Sally Starkweather was the head of her household in the town of German, Chenango County, New York in 1820 but there is no female in the household under the age of 10. In 1830, Sally Starkweather headed a household in Attica Town, Genesee County, New York but did not have a female between 10 and 19 (Caroline would have been 18 and wasn't married until the following year.) In 1840, Sally Starkweather heads a family in Shelby, Orleans County, New York. Since Caroline was already married, it indicates little that there was no young female in the household - only one, between 50 and 59. There was also a male between 15 and 20.

Another possibility (primarily because of the similarity of given names in the family to our own family) is that Caroline was the daughter of Merritt Starkweather, son of Ezra Starkweather and grandson of the elder Nathan. Merritt was born 4 Feb 1794, a scant eighteen years before Caroline, but certainly a possible candidate to be her father. His approximate age is confirmed in an 1850 census in Bergen, Genesee County, New York when he was 57. One difficulty with using this family is that the apparent wife, Hannah, was only 48 years old, just 10 years older than Caroline. The genealogy previously referenced names only one wife for this Meritt - Hannah Saunders. The other difficulty is that in the 1830 census, one year before Caroline's marriage, even though he resided in Herikimer County, the named place of Caroline's birth, there was no female between 15 and 19, which would have been Caroline's age. Meritt didn't marry Hannah until 1825 and apparently didn't head any household in 1820. He died in 1854. No Caroline is among stated his children.
Family links: 
  Robert P. Thompson (1810 - 1875)
  Sarah Lorana Thompson Farley (1835 - 1907)*
  Alonzo Leonard Phillip Thompson (1851 - 1926)*
  Phebe Jane Thompson Button (1874 - 1895)*
*Calculated relationship
ae 66 yr 8 mo 10 da; wife of R. P.
Hillsdale Cemetery
Nemaha County
Nebraska, USA
Maintained by: Mary Benedict Grindol
Originally Created by: Walking the Past
Record added: Jul 07, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 54634102
Caroline L. <i>Starkweather</i> Thompson
Added by: Mary Benedict Grindol
Caroline L. <i>Starkweather</i> Thompson
Added by: Walking the Past
Caroline L. <i>Starkweather</i> Thompson
Added by: Walking the Past
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