Actions
Begin New Search
Refine Last Search
Cemetery Lookup
Add Burial Records
Help with Find A Grave

Find all Romanovs in:
 • St. Peter and Paul Fortress
 • Saint Petersburg
 • Saint Petersburg Federal City
 • Find A Grave

Top Contributors
Success Stories
Discussion Forums
Find A Grave Store

Log In
Sponsor This Memorial!
Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
Learn about removing the ads from this memorial...
Birth: Apr. 15, 1684, Estonia
Death: May 17, 1727
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russian Federation

Empress of Imperial Russia. Having a diverse heritage, she was born Marta Skowroska, the daughter of Latvian peasants with a Polish surname, in a Baltic country under Swedish rule. At the age of three, she was orphaned when her parents died of plague, then lived with an aunt. Later she was sent to be a servant of a Protestant Bible scholar, Ernst Glück, who may have given her the only education she ever had. When she was seventeen, the Glück family arranged a marriage to a Swedish soldier. At this time, the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden for an outlet to the Baltic Sea was on-going. Eight days after the wedding, the Russian army invaded her village and the Swedish army retreated taking the groom. She, along with the Glück family, was taken as "wins of the war" to Moscow to be laborers. Scholars of Czar Peter I, Ivan Grey and Robert Massie, have written in detail a chapter in each of their books about Catherine's early years. Both agree that she was a prisoner of war in a Russian military camp at the mercy of soldiers who would not have respected a beautiful young girl. She was assigned to be a personal servant girl to several Russian Army officers including Czar Peter's friend, Prince Alexander Menshikov. According to Massie, he may have actually purchased her from another officer. It was at Alexander's quarters that Catherine and Peter first become acquaintances. After meeting Peter, she soon became his "intimate companion" as Grey referred to their relationship. After their first child was born, she converted from being Catholic to Russian Orthodox with the name of Catherine Alexeyevna. Peter grew to be dependent on her as she nursed him after his epileptic convulsions, supported him in military decisions, and calmed his rages. In 1707 they were "secretly married" producing a total of nine children with only two daughters living to adulthood: Anna and Elizabeth. During these years, Peter's wife Eudoxia was in a monastery where she had been banished by the czar. After the church granted a divorce from Eudoxia, Peter officially married Catherine at Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg on February 9, 1712, and she was given the title of Czarina Catherine I of Russia in 1724. When the czar died without a named heir, Catherine's supporters, including Menshikov, made her the first Empress of Imperial Russia. After a 2-year reign, she died of pneumonia. Since the couple had a morganatic marriage, there was no legal heir to the throne. The heir apparent became Peter II, the grandson of Peter the Great and his first wife Eudoxia. Nearly twenty years later, their daughter Elizabeth became heir to the throne.
 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
   Peter I the Great (1672 - 1725)
 
 Children:
  Anna Petrovna Romanov (1708 - 1728)*
  Natalia Petrovna Romanov (1713 - 1715)*
  Margarita Petrovna Romanov (1714 - 1715)*
  Pyotr Petrovich Romanov (1715 - 1719)*
  Pavel Petrovich Romanov (1717 - 1717)*
  Pyotr Petrovich Romanov (1723 - 1723)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
St. Peter and Paul Fortress
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russian Federation
Plot: Tomb #2
 
Created by: Linda Davis
Record added: May 20, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 52648283
Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
Added by: Linda Davis
 
Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
 
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.


- R I P
 Added: Nov. 15, 2014

-Anonymous
 Added: Oct. 23, 2014

-
 Added: Aug. 13, 2014
There are 7 more notes not showing...
Click here to view all notes...
 
 
 Advertisement

Privacy Statement and Terms of Service