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Richard Plantagenet
Birth: Sep. 21, 1411
Death: Dec. 30, 1460
Wakefield
West Yorkshire, England

English nobleman, claimant to the throne. He was descended from Edward III through his father, Richard, earl of Cambridge, grandson of that king, and also through his mother, Anne Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence, who was the third son of Edward III. Richard was brought up as a royal ward, having become Duke of York on the death of his uncle Edward in 1415. He inherited (1425) the vast estates of another uncle, Edmund de Mortimer, 5th earl of March, which made him the richest landholder in England. He served in the retinue of Henry VI in France (1431) and was lieutenant general of France and Normandy (143637). In 1438 he married Cecily Neville, daughter of the earl of Westmoreland. He served again as lieutenant general in France from 1441 to 1445 but became increasingly discontented with the English government, which diverted men and funds from his operations to those of John Beaufort, 1st duke of Somerset. The death of the king's uncle Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, in 1447 made York heir presumptive to the throne, and the government, to get him out of the way, promptly ordered him to Ireland as lieutenant. He did not go until 1449 and returned in 1450 to struggle against the growing power of Queen Margaret of Anjou and Edmund Beaufort, 2d duke of Somerset. In 1453 a son born to Henry VI displaced York as heir to the throne, but the onset of the king's insanity enabled York to secure control of the government as protector (1454). Dismissed when the king recovered, York resorted to arms (see Roses, Wars of the) and, with the help of his wife's relatives, most notably Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, won the first battle of St. Albans (1455), in which Somerset was killed. After this victory York once more became protector, but by 1456 the queen's faction had regained power. Forced to flee to Ireland in 1459, York returned after the victory of his supporters at Northampton (1460) and for the first time laid claim to the throne. A compromise was arranged by which York was recognized as protector and heir apparent to the throne, but Margaret (whose own son had thus been disinherited) gathered her forces and defeated the Yorkists at the battle of Wakefield, in which York was slain. His son, Edward of York, however, was to secure the throne as Edward IV. (bio by: Erik Lander) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Richard of Conisbrough (1385 - 1415)
  Anne de Mortimer (1388 - 1411)
 
 Spouse:
  Cecily de Neville Plantagenet (1415 - 1495)*
 
 Children:
  Anne Plantagent Saint Leger (1439 - 1475)*
  Henry Plantagenet (1441 - ____)*
  King Edward IV (1442 - 1483)*
  Edmund Plantagenet (1443 - 1460)*
  Elizabeth Plantagenet of York De la Pole (1444 - 1503)*
  Duchess Margaret Of York (1446 - 1503)*
  William Plantagenet (1447 - ____)*
  John Plantagenet (1448 - ____)*
  George Duke of Clarence (1449 - 1478)*
  Thomas Plantagenet (1451 - ____)*
   King Richard (1452 - 1485)*
  Ursula Plantagenet (1455 - ____)*
 
 Sibling:
  Isabel Plantagenet Bourchier (1409 - 1484)*
  Richard Plantagenet (1411 - 1460)
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Churchyard
Fotheringhay
East Northamptonshire Borough
Northamptonshire, England
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Erik Lander
Record added: Aug 16, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 11543649
Richard Plantagenet
Added by: lovemeep
 
Richard Plantagenet
Added by: Erik Lander
 
Richard Plantagenet
Cemetery Photo
Added by: julia&keld
 
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our 24th ggf-
- Dona Ellis, Gene Venechanos, Dottie Gingerelli
 Added: Dec. 12, 2014
13th GGF.
- Angela Carnes XXXIV, Comtesse of Aquitaine
 Added: Nov. 30, 2014

- Scott Hayes
 Added: Oct. 21, 2014
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