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James McDougall
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Birth: 1773
Quebec, Canada
Death: Aug. 17, 1851
Quebec, Canada

NWC/HBC clerk 1783 - 1851

Montrealer James McDougall, brother of George McDougall, is noted for his exploration work with Simon Fraser on the Pacific slopes. McDougall first joined the NWC on March 10, 1798 as an apprentice and was first stationed on the Pacific slopes at Fort McLeod in 1806. In May 1806, McDougal made a reconnaissance trip from McLeod's Lake to Stuart Lake, which he determined drained into the "Columbia" (i.e. the Fraser River) via the Stuart and Nechako Rivers, important information for Fraser's later exploration (Fraser, p. 181). Early in 1807, he was chastised by Fraser for having allowed one of the employees to take on a wife but he himself took a native female companion and became experienced in the Sekanais dialect (Fraser, p. 246). In 1808 he joined Fraser in his trip to the mouth of the Fraser and back and in December, 1811, he joined Daniel W. Harmon at Stuart Lake for the holidays. In January 1812, McDougall and Harmon went to Babine Lake, where they found that the natives had secured European goods which were traded with their neighbours, the Atenas, who had traded with white people who had come up the river (Harmon, p. 183). He continued working at various posts in New Caledonia and, in 1827, when he was in a deplorable state of health, his sister in law nursed him back to health. In July 1830, he and his family headed east over the Rockies and, on June 29, 1831, the HBC Council at a meeting decided to grant James McDougall 500 sterling which he could draw on at any time. He died in Montreal at the age of sixty-seven. The names of James McDougall's wife and children have not been traced. Nancy McDougall (?-?) was one daughter.
Family links: 
  Nancy McDougall Boucher (1806 - 1871)*
*Calculated relationship
Created by: Robert Riddle
Record added: Feb 20, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 105501734


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