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Rabbi Alexander Marx
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Birth: 1878, Germany
Death: Dec. 26, 1953
New York
New York County (Manhattan)
New York, USA

Dr. Marx died at the age of 75.

Wife: Hanna Marx (born 1881)
Daughter: Rose Marx (born 1910)
Son: Jacob Marx (born 1914)

Teaching responsibility at the Jewish Theological Seminary was Professor of History and Director of Libraries.

Born in Elberfeld, Germany, the son of George Marx, a banker, and Gertrud Simon-Marx, a published poet. Alexander Marx grew up in Königsberg (East Prussia). He spent a year in a Prussian artillery regiment where he excelled in horsemanship. Later he studied at the University of Berlin and at the Rabbiner-Seminar (Berlin), marrying in 1905 Hannah the daughter of R' David Zvi Hoffmann, rector of the Seminar. In 1903, Marx accepted Solomon Schechter's invitation to teach history at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and be its librarian. Marx came to Jerusalem in the 1950s to give Ben Gurion the prize from the J.T.S. He was also the brother in law of S. Y. Agnon, the Nobel laureate.


Marx published articles in many languages and was at home in both classical and Semitic languages. Marx contributed monographs and articles to journals on a wide variety of subjects, published two volumes of collected essays (Studies in Jewish History and Booklore (1944); Essays in Jewish Biography (1947)), and with Max L. Margolis wrote A History of the Jewish people (Jewish Publication Society of America, 1927, 1962). This pioneering work, stressed economic and social life, organization and legal status. It offers the reader a soundly researched, authoritative, and objective Jewish history in one volume.

In later years he also served as a member of the publications committee of the Jewish Publication Society of America.


The JTS library on his arrival in 1903 contained 5,000 volumes and 3 manuscripts. At his death it possessed 165,000 books and over 9,000 Hebrew, Samaritan, Aramaic, and Yiddish manuscripts, comprising the largest Judaica collection in the world. Much of Marx's research in early Jewish printing remains unpublished.

Pacific Stars and Stripes
December 31, 1953

New York (UPI): Dr Alexander Marx, Director of Libraries and a History Teacher at the Jewish Theological Seminary, died a week ago at the age of 75 after a short illness.

Vol 7, #4
Autumn 1938
P. 496-499
(Published by the Phi Betta Kappa Society)

by A. S. W. Rosenbach

Doctor Alexander Marx is a rare combination of bibliophile and scholar. In his 35 years as librarian at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York City he has created a library of Jewish books and manuscripts that is not only the finest in America but is in certain respects superior to the great Jewish collections in the Bodleian and the British Museum.

to be continued. 
Family links: 
  Hannah Marx (1880 - 1962)
Union Field Cemetery
Queens County
New York, USA
Plot: Grounds #35, Row 6, Grave 8
Created by: Brent Stevens
Record added: Apr 10, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 108246525
Rabbi Alexander Marx
Added by: Brent Stevens
Rabbi Alexander Marx
Added by: Brent Stevens
Rabbi Alexander Marx
Cemetery Photo
Added by: ronzoni
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