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Pvt Andrew Jackson "Jack" Lair
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Birth: Feb. 6, 1836
Licking County
Ohio, USA
Death: Jul. 29, 1912
Peoria County
Illinois, USA

Private ANDREW JACKSON LAIR Co. K, 86th Illinois

Andrew Jackson Lair was one of nine children born to Joseph M. Lair & Phebe (Ward) Lair. Joseph M. Lair was born about July 24, 1809 in Virginia, the son of Andrew Jackson Lair and Ruth (Henton) Lair. Phoebe was born about June 1, 1810/11 in Ohio, the daughter of Nimrod Ward. Andrew and Phoebe were married about 1832/33 in Ohio.
The Lairs moved from Licking County, Ohio to Terra Haute, Vigo County, Indiana about 1848. At the time of the 1850 census, the family is found in Mill, Grant County, Indiana;
Joseph Lair M 40 Virginia
Phoebe Lair F 40 Ohio
Mary Lair F 16 Ohio
Andrew J Lair M 14 Ohio
Noah Lair M 12 Ohio
Nimrod Lair M 10 Ohio
Ruth Lair F 7 Ohio
Hiram Lair M 2 Indiana
Delilah Lair F 0 Indiana

Then about 1855, the family moved still further west to Illinois, where they settled in Peoria Twp, Peoria County, Illinois. After a year or so in Peoria Twp, the Lair family settled in Akron Township in Peoria County, where they settled near Princeville. Joseph's father, Andrew Jackson Lair, died there in 1859. At the time of the 1860 census, the family is found in Akron Township in Peoria County;
211 Lair Joseph 51 M farmer 1,600 373 VA
211 Lair Phebe 50 F OH
211 Lair Mary 26 F OH
211 Lair Andrew J. 24 M farmer 75 OH
211 Lair William 18 M farmhand IN
211 Lair Hiram 12 M IN
211 Lair Delia 10 F IN
211 Lair Reason 39 M shoemaker OH

At the time of the 1870 census Joseph and Phoebe are found in Akron Township of Peoria County;
136 Lair Joseph 61 M Farmer 2,100 600 Virginia
136 Lair Phoebe 60 F Ohio
136 Lair Delilah 19 F Indiana

At the time of the 1880 census, Joseph and Phoebe are found in Akron, Peoria County, Illinois;
Self Joseph Lair M 70 Farmer Virginia
Wife Phebe Lair F 70 Ohio
Daughter Deliah Lair F 32 Ohio
Granddaughter Olive Lair F 8 Illinois

Joseph M. Lair died on February 13, 1881 in Peoria County, while Phoebe died on October 31, 1898 in Peoria County. Their earthly remains were laid in the Princeville Township Cemetery in Princeville, Peoria County, Illinois.
Now to continue with the biography of Andrew Jackson Lair;
On August 7, 1862, at the age of 24, Andrew volunteered to serve in a company of men which was being raised in Princeville, Illinois for service in the Union Army by Princeville School Teacher, John F. French.

Rank PVT Company K Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence PRINCEVILLE, PEORIA CO, IL Age 24 Height 5' 10 Hair DARK
Eyes BROWN Complexion DARK Marital Status SINGLE Occupation FARMER

Service Record
Joined When AUG 7, 1862 Joined Where PRINCEVILLE, IL
Joined By Whom CPT FRENCH Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862 Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom N/A Muster Out JUN 6, 1865
Muster Out Where WASHINGTON, DC Muster Out By Whom LT SCROGGS
Remarks N/A

When French had about 100 volunteers, he led the Princeville Company to Peoria, Illinois where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park. On August 27, 1862, French and 95 of his volunteers were mustered into the service as Co. K of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
For the next three years, Andrew served faithfully in Co. K, participating in and witnessing some of the most brutal and bloody fighting in the Western Theatre of the war. This included the Battles of Perryville, Kentucky; Chickamauga, Georgia; Resaca, Georgia; Rome, Georgia, Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia; Peach Tree Creek, Georgia; Jonesboro, Georgia; Averysboro, North Carolina and Bentonville, North Carolina. These last two Union victories helped to halt Confederate General Joseh E. Johnston from joining up with General Robert E. Lee, which helped to bring and end to the war. Andrew was also present on Sherman's March to the Sea. Andrew is known to have become quite ill not long after the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky and was left behind in an Army Hospital at Lebanon, Kentucky on Oct. 26, 1862. He rejoined the regiment in November or December of 1862, in Nashville, Tennessee and was never absent from the regiment again for the remainder of the war, except when he was assigned duties which took him briefly away from the main part of the regiment, such as train guard or bridge guard duties. Andrew was mustered out of the service with the surviving members of the 86th Illinois on June 6, 1865 in Washington, D.C. He then returned to his home in Princeville, Illinois.
Andrew was married to Henrietta "Hattie" Adams on January 1, 1868 at Princeville, Illinois in Peoria County. Henrietta was born in 1833 in Ohio, came to Knox County, Illinois with her parents in 1840 and to a farm north of Princeville in Stark County in 1849. At the time of the 1850 census, the Adams family is found in Peoria Township of Peoria County;
1680 Adams Abner 62 M Farmer 300 Conn
1680 Adams Miah 56 F Conn
1680 Adams Almira 33 F Conn
1680 Adams Edward 28 M Farmer Pa
1680 Adams Eugene 22 M Farmer Pa
1680 Adams Henry 17 M Farmer Ohio
1680 Adams Henrietta 17 F Ohio

On December 21, 1854, Henrietta Adams was married to Aaron Nickerson in Peoria County. Four children are known to have been born to Henrietta and Aaron, two dying in infancy. Aaron Nickerson died on November 5, 1864, leaving Henrietta with two small children, Alice and Dexter. Andrew and Henrietta first met when he came with some other area men to help on the Nickerson farm with farm activities following Aaron's death. Henrietta and Andrew were married on New Year's Day of 1868 and one child, a daughter was born to them. She was;
1. Almina J. "Minnie" Lair; born on September 29, 1869.

In 1887, the surviving members of the 86th Illinois held the first reunion of the 86th Illinois. From then until 1923, the survivors of this regiment held a reunion ever year on the anniversary of their mustering into the service, August 27th. Andrew attended a number of these reunions. The reunion of 1910 was the last one he was able to attend.
The Lairs lived on the farm north of Princeville in Stark County until 1898, when they moved into Princeville.
Henrietta and Andrew were members of the U. B. Church and then in May of 1889 they joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in Princeville. Henrietta died in 1902 and her earthly remains were laid to rest in the Princeville Cemetery. Andrew died of neuralgia of the heart in his home in Princeville.
The August __, 1912 edition of the Princeville Telephone carried the following obituary for Alexander Jackson Lair;
An Old and Respected Resident
....and Civil War Veteran

Mr. A. J. Lair died quite suddenly at his home Monday morning. He has been complaining for a few days previous to his death, but his ailment was not considered serious. He had been up and about the house on the morning of his death. He laid down on a coach, and a short time after, when his granddaughter, Miss Effie Lair, observed him, he was dead.
The following concerning his life was read at the pulpit at the funeral service Wednesday afternoon:

Andrew Jackson Lair, son of Joseph and Phoebe Lair, was born in Lickon [sp] County, Ohio, February 6th, 1836, died very suddenly of neuralgia of the heart at home in Princeville, on Monday, July 29, 1912, aged 76 years, 5 months and 23 days.
In 1848 his parents moved to Indiana and then in 1855 they came to Peoria County, Illinois, where Mr. Lair has since lived, in the vicinity of Princeville. On January 1st, 1868, he was united in marriage with Mrs. Harrietta Adams Nickerson, and in the spring of 1869 they moved onto the farm north of town in Stark County, where they lived until1898 when they moved into Princeville into the house where he died. They had one daughter, Mrs. Mina Kerns who survives her parents and Mrs. Lair's grand child, Effie Lair, who has lived with him all her life and for the past ten years since Mrs. Lair died, had made the home for Mr. Lair. He also leaves a grandson, Merle Andrew Kerns, and one sister, Mrs. Delilah Klinck, of Rockville, Mo., and the families of two brothers and one sister, also in Missouri, to mourn his departure.
Jack Lair, as he was familiarly called by his comrades, was one of the 102 young men who enlisted in his country's service, in August 1862, from Princeville, in Company K, 86th Illinois Infantry, and served with loyalty and courage through the war, being with Sherman to the sea; and in the grand review at Washington at the close of the war he marched with Sherman's veterans on that historic day.
Mr. Lair was of a kind heart, a lover of children, and one who tried to make his home a quiet sanctuary of peace and happiness. His daughter and grand child and his step grand child all have loving memories of his genial disposition. His neighbors and friend found him a true and pleasant neighbor, and his comrades will miss the friendly campership of his presence.
The funeral service was held from the Methodist church at 2:30 P. M. Wednesday, July 31, Rev. James W. Pruen preached the funeral sermon and was assisted in the service by John F. Bliss, who also spoke. The funeral was very largely attended by the deceased. The burial was in the Princeville cemetery.
Among those present from a distance were: Mr. E. C. Silliman, Chenoa, Mr. and Mrs. Ora Carico, Mrs. Mary Foster, of Toulon; Misses May and Maude Bewshor and Mrs. Margaret Petrie, of Peoria; James McGinnis of Toulon; Mr. Martin and Mrs. Morrow of Stark."

Andrew Jackson Lair's earthly remains were laid to rest beside those of his wife of 34 years in the Princeville Township Cemetery.

By Baxter B. Fite III

(Baxter would enjoy hearing from anyone, especially descendants, who might be able to add anything to Private Andrew Jackson Lair's biography. Baxter would also like to see copies of any other pictures that may still exist of Private Andrew Jackson Lair, especially any others showing him in uniform, added to his Find A Grave site.)

Family links: 
  Joseph M Lair (1809 - 1881)
  Phebe/Phoebe Ward Lair (1811 - 1898)
  Henrietta Adams Nickeson Lair (1833 - 1902)
  Almina J Lair Kerns (1869 - 1951)*
  Andrew Jackson Lair (1836 - 1912)
  Nimrod Lair (1840 - 1856)*
  Ruth Lair (1843 - 1860)*
  Ednia Lair (1855 - 1860)*
*Calculated relationship
Note: buried July 31, 1912
Princeville Township Cemetery
Peoria County
Illinois, USA
Plot: Div B, Row 2, Lot 22 south
Maintained by: Baxter B. Fite III
Originally Created by: John Melton
Record added: Oct 10, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 22076077
Pvt Andrew Jackson Jack Lair
Added by: Baxter B. Fite III
Pvt Andrew Jackson Jack Lair
Added by: John Melton
Pvt Andrew Jackson Jack Lair
Added by: Baxter B. Fite III
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- Linda T
 Added: Sep. 4, 2014

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