Sep. 17, 1843 Clayton Johnston County North Carolina, USA
Jun. 13, 1905 Clayton Johnston County North Carolina, USA
Joseph Crittenden Ellington was born 1843 in Clayton, Johnston County, NC, the 5th of 6 known surviving children (3 boys/3 girls) born to Rev. John F. Ellington and his wife, Christiana Avery/Avera of Clayton.
On his paternal side, he is descended from Jesse Ellington & Martha Ann Tucker who arrived in NC from VA in the mid-to-late 1700's. His grandparents were Jesse Ellington, Jr. & Elizabeth Brannon/Brannan. His maternal heritage also has deep roots in the area, dating back to Thomas Avera & Judith Bettis who came from VA to NC in the 1740's.
Raised in a wealthy household, he enjoyed all the amenities of privilege until the Civil War broke out. From the start, Joseph and his one year older brother, Jesse T. Ellington, later Sheriff in Clayton, enlisted in the CSA, both enlisting with the 50th Regiment, Co. C., where Joseph rose to the rank of Lieutenant.
The NC 50th Infantry Regiment completed its organization in April, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina. Men of this unit were raised in the counties of Person, Robeson, Johnston, Wayne, Rutherford, Moore, and Harnett. Ordered to Virginia, it fought under General Daniel at Malvern Cliff, then returned to North Carolina. Here the 50th saw action at New Bern and Washington, transferred to J.G. Martin's Brigade, and for a time served at Wilmington. Later, part of the regiment was stationed at Plymouth and part at Washington. In November, 1864, it moved south and shared in the defense of Savannah and skirmished along the Rivers' Bridge. Sent back to North Carolina it was placed in General Kirkland's Brigade. The unit continued the fight at Averasboro and fought its last battle at Bentonville. It totaled about 900 effectives in November, 1864, mustered less than half that number in March, 1865, and surrendered a force of nearly 250 on April 26, 1865.
In about 1866, Joseph married Elizabeth "Bettie" Tomlinson, daughter of Bernice Harris Tomlinson & Elizabeth Walton. They were both about age 23 at the nuptials. The couple took up farming in Clayton, and the family would grow to include 10 known children:
Sometime between 1880-1900, the family moved to Raleigh were Joseph became City Surveyor and his wife ran a boarding house in the 2nd Ward. Joseph died in Raleigh in 1905, at age 62, and was buried in the Clayton City Cemetery near other family members. His widow survived another 15 years, passing in 1920 at age 77, and is also buried in Clayton City Cemetery.