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James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr.
Birth: Oct. 1, 1924
Plains
Sumter County
Georgia, USA
Death: Still Living

39th United States President. He served as President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. His single term as President was highlighted with increased emphasis on human rights, a treaty ending US control over the Panama Canal, a treaty establishing peace between Israel and Egypt, a new SALT II Treaty limiting strategic arms between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a significant jump in inflation of the US economy. Born James Earl Carter, Jr. in Plains, Georgia, he grew up on the family peanut farm. In 1946, he graduated from the US Naval Academy, and spent seven years in the US Navy, including duty on submarines. In 1952, he was selected to join the first group of officers to serve on nuclear submarines, serving under Hyman G. Rickover. In 1953, his father died of cancer, and he returned home to manage his father's peanut farm. In 1962, he entered state politics, and in 1970, he was elected Governor of Georgia. His role as Governor emphasized ecology, efficiency in state government, and the improvement of race relations. In December 1974, he announced his candidacy for President, and building a constituency among Democrats, he won the nomination, selecting Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his Vice Presidential running mate. Carter was successful in winning the 1976 election, defeating President Gerald R. Ford by 297 electoral votes to 240 for Ford. During Carter's administration he established a national energy policy and removed controls on petroleum prices to stimulate production, deregulated the trucking and airline industries, and added 103 million acres of Alaska to the National Park system. In foreign affairs, he championed human rights, an attitude which was coldly rejected by the Soviet Union and other countries. To improve the situation in the Middle East, he orchestrated the Camp David Settlement of 1978, bringing peace between Egypt and Israel. He granted a blanket pardon to the many men who had fled the country during the Vietnam War to avoid military service, and in 1978, he signed a new Panama Canal Treaty with Panama, agreeing to turn over the Panama Canal by December 1999. He worked hard to win a SALT II Treaty with the Soviet Union, limiting strategic nuclear weapons, only to have it blocked in the Senate by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. During the last 14 months of his administration, the US Embassy in Tehran, Iran was seized and the US embassy employees held hostage by radical Iranian revolutionists, who had taken over their government early in Carter's term. His failure to secure release of the hostages, coupled with the government's failure to deal with record high domestic inflation, contributed to his defeat in the 1980 election, which he lost to Republican Ronald W. Reagan. Following his defeat, Carter returned to Georgia, established Habitat for Humanity, and lent his name and support to a number of human rights activities. In 2002, he was awarded the Noble Peace Prize for his numerous contributions to improving human rights and relations between nations. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  James Earl Carter (1894 - 1953)
  Bessie Lillian Gordy Carter (1898 - 1983)
 
 Spouse:
  Rosalynn Carter (1927 - ____)*
 
 Siblings:
  James Earl Carter (1924 - ____)
  Gloria Carter Spann (1926 - 1990)*
  Ruth Carter Stapleton (1929 - 1983)*
  William Alton Carter (1937 - 1988)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site *
Plains
Sumter County
Georgia, USA
Specifically: Future burial site.
*Future burial site
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Oct 20, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 6734
James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr.
Added by: Bobb Edwards
 
James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr.
Added by: Tim Crutchfield
 
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