|Birth: ||Mar. 15, 1825|
New Hampshire, USA
|Death: ||Jun. 28, 1900|
Writer. She wrote the novel,"Our Nig", published in 1859 which is considered the first novel published by an African American woman and the first novel published by an African American in North America. 'Our Nig' illustrates the injustice of the indentured servitude system of the antebellum northern United States. The novel fell in obscurity soon after its publication, and only achieved national attention when it was rediscovered by author Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in 1983. She was born the daughter of an African American "hooper of barrels", Joshua Green, and Margaret Ann (or Adams) Smith, a washerwoman of Irish extraction. Her father died when she was very young, and her mother abandoned her at the farm of Nehemiah Hayward, Jr., a well-to-do Milford farmer. It has been concluded that the Hayward family were the same as the "Bellmont" family depicted in "Our Nig" as the family who held the young "Frado" in indentured servitude, abusing her physically and mentally from the age of six to eighteen. After the end of her indenture, she (as she was then known), worked as a house servant and a seamstress in households in southern New Hampshire and in central and western Massachusetts as her health permitted, until she married Thomas Wilson in Milford on October 6, 1851. Thomas Wilson had been traveling around New England giving lectures based on his life as a (supposed) escaped slave, when he met her. He did confide to her that he was never in bondage, "indeed, he had never seen the South." However, he soon abandoned her after they married. Pregnant and ill, she was sent to the Hillsborough County Poor Farm in Goffstown, New Hampshire, where her only son, George Mason Wilson, was born. Soon after George's birth, Thomas Wilson appeared in her life and took her son away from the Poor farm. Thomas Wilson returned to sea and died soon after and She returned her son to the care of the Poor Farm. She then moved to Boston, Massachusetts to seek a living for herself and her son. While in Boston, she wrote the novel 'Our Nig'. On August 18, 1859, she copyrighted it, and a copy of the novel was deposited in the Office of the Clerk of the U. S. District Court of Massachusetts. On September 5, 1859, the novel was published by George C. Rand and Avery, a publishing firm in Boston. On February 16, 1860, her son George, died in Milford, at the age of seven at the Poor Farm. After 1863, her whereabouts are unknown until 1867, where she is listed in the Boston Spiritualist newspaper Banner of Light as living in East Cambridge, Massachusetts. She is known in Spiritualist circles as "the colored medium." On September 29, 1870. She married John Gallatin Robinson in Boston, Massachusetts. From 1870- 1897, she is listed in the Banner of Light as a trance reader and lecturer. She died in a Hospital in Massachusetts in 1900.
Mount Wollaston Cemetery
Created by: Curtis Jackson 🖋...
Record added: Jul 18, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 14972893