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 • Moczydlnica Dworska Old Cemetery
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Dr Franz Karl Achard
Birth: Apr. 28, 1753
Berlin, Germany
Death: Apr. 20, 1821
Dolnoslaskie, Poland

Franz Carl Achard was a German chemist and biologist who is primarily remembered for the discovery of how to extract sugar from sugar beets. He studied chemistry in Berlin, and became a member of the Circle of Friends of the Natural Sciences. He was patronized by King Frederick the Great of Prussia, who had immense interest in his studies on the effects of electricity on intelligence. He was granted a lifetime pension by the king for his research on the possibility of tobacco-growing in Prussia. After completing his research on which kinds of beets contained the most sugar, he developed a process to extract the sugar from them. In 1801, with the support of King Frederick William II, he opened the first sugar beet refinery near Steinau (now Scinawa). The sugar beet industry quickly spread to Bohemia, and later France. This helped make sugar a common item instead of a luxury product, and helped Prussia counter a French embargo on sugar during the Napoleonic Wars. However, as a result of a number of unfortunate fires, Achard's own refineries went bankrupt in 1815, and he died penniless in Wohlau in 1821. The bulk of sugar beet refinement moved to France, though one of his grandsons would later promote the growing of sugar beets in Michigan. (bio by: Anonymous) 
 
Inscription:
{Obelisk front}
Franz Carl
Achard
Director der
Königl. Academie
der Wissenschaften
zu Berlin,
Mitglied mehrerer
In- u. Ausländerischen
Gelehrten Societäten
und Ritterguths
Besitzer auf Ober
u: Nieder Cunern

Geboren zu Berlin
1753 den 28. April,
Gestorben zu Cunern
1821 den 20. April.

{Obelisk back}
Heiter
und leicht ist
der Tod des
Gerechten;
Groß
ist sein
Lohn!

{Plaque}
DEM
BEGRÜNDER
DER DEUTSCHEN
ZUCKERINDUSTRIE
DER VEREIN
FÜR DIE
RÜBENZUCKER-
INDUSTRIE
DES DEUTSCHEN
REICHES
1886
 
Note: Obelisk recently replaced, went missing after WWII
 
Burial:
Moczydlnica Dworska Old Cemetery
Wrocław
Dolnoslaskie, Poland
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Anonymous
Record added: Oct 08, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 98515999
Dr Franz Karl Achard
Added by: Lucy Caldarelli
 
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