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Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin
Birth: May 12, 1910
Cairo
Al Qahirah, Egypt
Death: Jul. 29, 1994
Ilmington
Warwickshire, England

Chemist and Crystallographer. She graduated from Oxford with a First Class Honours degree in Chemistry and moved to Cambridge as a research scientist where in 1933 she became the first scientist to make an X-ray diffraction photograph of a protein. Returning to Oxford to take up a fellowship at Somerville College Oxford she continued her research and development of X-ray crystallography, subsequently discovering the structure of penicillin (1949), Vitamin B12 (1964) and insulin (1969). She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964 "for her determination by x-ray techniques of the structures of biologically important molecules." A staunch socialist and member of several peace campaigning organisations she was barred from the USA during the McCarthy era in spite of representations on her behalf by the American crystallographic community. Her retirement from university in 1977 did not stop her work or her interest in world affairs and scientific progress. Her desire for disarmament and in particular a rapprochement with the Soviet Union lead to her approaching directly the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, a former student of hers. Her friendships and encouragement to scientists in the Soviet Union lead to her being awarded the Mikhail Lomonosov Gold Medal in 1982 and the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1987. A Royal Society Fellowship was established in her name and she received the Order of Merit. In 1996 she was one of five 'Women of Achievement' selected for a set of British stamps. (bio by: mynwent) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Thomas Lionel Hodgkin (1910 - 1982)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Inscription:
DOROTHY
MARY
CROWFOOT
HODGKIN
BORN CAIRO
12 MAY 1910
DIED ILMINGTON
29 JULY 1994
IN MEMORY OF
THOMAS
LIONEL
HODGKIN
BORN OXFORD
3 APRIL 1910
DIED IN GREECE
25 MARCH 1982
 
Burial:
St Mary the Virgin Churchyard
Ilmington
Stratford-on-Avon District
Warwickshire, England
Plot: To left side when facing front of church
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: mynwent
Record added: Jan 04, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 103066650
Dorothy Mary <i>Crowfoot</i> Hodgkin
Added by: Creative Commons
 
Dorothy Mary <i>Crowfoot</i> Hodgkin
Added by: mynwent
 
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