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Louis Antoine de Bourbon
Birth: Aug. 2, 1772
Delincourt, France
Death: Mar. 21, 1804
Fontenay-sous-Bois, France

French Nobility. Louis Antoine de Bourbon, only child of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, and his wife Bathilde d'Orléans, was born at the Château de Chantilly in Chantilly, France. At birth, he received the title of Duke of Enghien. His parents separated after 1778 due to his father's infidelity. The Duke of Enghien began his military career in 1788. At the onset of the French Revolution in 1789, he left France with his father and grandfather. He became a member of the Army of Condé, which was organized and commanded by his grandfather Louis Joseph de Bourbon, the Prince of Condé. In early 1804, Louis Antoine married Charlotte de Rohan. About the same time, Napoleon Bonaparte had heard that the young duke was involved in the Cadoudal-Pichegru conspiracy. The information was untrue, but Bonaparte gave orders for him to be abducted and killed. Members of the French military crossed the Rhine and went to the Duke of Enghien's residence at Ettenheim in Baden, violating the sovereignty of Baden. They kidnapped Louis Antoine and brought him to the Château de Vincennes, near Paris. In the meantime, Bonaparte had discovered the truth about the duke's innocence. Despite this, he merely altered the charges and, on the 21st of March, the Duke of Enghien was shot in the moat of the Château de Vincennes, near a grave which had already been dug. In 1816, his remains were exhumed and transferred to the chapel of the château, Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes. Louis Antoine was the last descendant of the House of Condé. He predeceased both his father and his grandfather, and they had no further heirs. The murder of the duke shocked aristocratic Europe, which was still reeling from the violence of the Revolution, particularly the Reign of Terror. Many lost what little respect they had for Bonaparte. The killing of the Duke of Enghien was discussed by Leo Tolstoy in "War and Peace" and by Alexandre Dumas in "The Last Cavalier," his last novel. It was also the subject of the silent film "La mort du duc d'Enghien en 1804" (1909), directed by Albert Capellani. (bio by: Anne Philbrick) 
Family links: 
  Louis Henri de Bourbon (1756 - 1830)
  Bathilde d'Orléans (1750 - 1822)
Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes
Departement du Val-de-Marne
Île-de-France, France
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Anne Philbrick
Record added: Feb 20, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 85250557
Louis Antoine de Bourbon
Added by: Anne Philbrick
Louis Antoine de Bourbon
Added by: Anne Philbrick
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- Bunny
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- R I P
 Added: Jan. 10, 2015
May GOD Bless You!::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::It is on Major General Benjamin Butler's in Lowell, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, the monument reads."the true touchstone of civil liberty is not that all men are equal but that every man has th...(Read more)
- Jonathan Robert De Mallie
 Added: Aug. 19, 2013
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