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Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye
Birth: Nov. 17, 1685
Quebec, Canada
Death: Dec. 5, 1749
Quebec, Canada

Explorer, Fur Trader, Military Officer. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, was the son of René Gaultier de Varennes. The Gaultier family had been prominent members of their community in France, and Varennes and La Vérendrye were two of their estates. His father had come to Canada in 1665 as a military officer. He married the daughter of the governor of Trois-Rivières, and became governor himself when his father-in-law resigned. He fathered thirteen children, of whom Pierre was the youngest. Pierre chose a military career. However, he married in 1712, and began farming and fur-trading. In 1726, his brother received command of the poste du Nord, a vast area north of Lake Superior. The brothers formed a partnership to carry out fur-trading in that area. Pierre became interested in the search for the "Western Sea," a body of water that explorers had long sought as a short route to the Far East. It was thought that, not far to the west, there was an inlet from the Pacific and that there was a river that flowed into it. La Vérendrye's exploration of inland Canada in his search for a route west through the heart of the continent pushed the frontiers of New France. In his quest for the sea, he explored Ontario, Manitoba, and North Dakota. The posts La Vérendrye built west of the Great Lakes expanded the fur trade in Canada. The numerous meetings he had with Indians encouraged their loyalty to the French monarchy. Before his death, La Vérendrye received the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis. He was interred at the Basilique Notre Dame in Montreal on December 7, 1849. A statue of him was commissioned, and sculpted by Jean Bailleul. It is in front of the Parliament Building in the city of Quebec. Another statue sculpted by Émile Brunet is in Saint Boniface, Manitoba. Numerous places have been named in his honor. They include La Vérendrye Provincial Park in Ontario, La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve in Quebec, and Boulevard de La Vérendrye in Montreal. (bio by: Anne Philbrick) 
Family links: 
  René Gaultier de Varennes (1635 - 1689)
  Marie Anne Dandonneau du Sable (____ - 1739)
  Jean-Baptist La Verendrye (1713 - 1736)*
*Calculated relationship
Notre-Dame (Old Montreal)
Montreal Region
Quebec, Canada
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Anne Philbrick
Record added: Feb 04, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 84497625
Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye
Added by: Anne Philbrick
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 Added: Jun. 9, 2015

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