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Leopold of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, II
Birth: May 5, 1747
Vienna
Wien Stadt
Vienna (Wien), Austria
Death: Mar. 1, 1792
Vienna
Wien Stadt
Vienna (Wien), Austria

Austrian Monarch. From 1765 to 1790 he ruled the grand duchy of Tuscany where his constitutional reforms removed restrictions on industry and personal freedoms imposed by his Medici predecessors. These acts, which included a system of rational taxation and profitable public works, earned him the reputation of an "exemplar of democracy." By contrast, his short reign as Emperor, from 1790 to 1792, was over shadowed by revolutionary unrest in France, aggression by both Prussia and Russia and Belgian insurrection in the Austrian Netherlands. He is remembered for his diplomacy in settling these threats by subduing the Belgians in 1790 and reaching peace agreements with Prussia and Turkey in 1790 and 1791. His Declaration of Pillnitz in 1791 by which he expected to avoid war with France, however, resulted in the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars just weeks after his death. (bio by: Samuel Taylor Geer) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   Maria Theresia (1717 - 1780)
 
 Spouse:
  Maria Luisa - Infanta of Spain (1745 - 1792)
 
 Children:
  Ferdinand Grand Duke of Tuscany (1769 - 1824)*
  Joseph - Archduke of Austria, Palatine of Hungary (1776 - 1847)*
 
 Siblings:
  Marie Caroline Habsburg (1740 - 1741)*
  Leopold of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor (1747 - 1792)
   Marie Antoinette (1755 - 1793)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Saint Stephen's Cathedral
Vienna
Wien Stadt
Vienna (Wien), Austria
Plot: His heart is in urn 23 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and he is buried in tomb 113 in the Imperial Crypt in the Kapuzinerkirche.
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Samuel Taylor Geer
Record added: Sep 07, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 76117349
Leopold of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, II
Added by: Samuel Taylor Geer
 
Leopold of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, II
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Jelena
 
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