|Birth: ||Jun. 19, 1904|
New York County (Manhattan)
New York, USA
|Death: ||Aug. 15, 1985|
San Francisco County
Screenwriter. One of "The Hollywood Ten" - ten actors, writers, and directors who appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947 and refused to answer the question, "Were you, or have you ever been, a member of the Communist Party?" The purpose of the hearings was to examine the possible infiltration of Communists into the entertainment industry. The fervor that the hearings created so shook up Hollywood that whoever did not comply with the committee was blacklisted from working in the industry. After much legal wrangling and a delay in implementing their prison terms, the ten - Cole, Herbert Biberman, Samuel Ornitz, John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Dalton Trumbo, Albert Maltz, Adrian Scott, Ring Lardner, Jr., Edward Dmytryk - were sent to various federal prisons in 1950 for contempt of Congress and fined $1,000 each. Cole served 9 months in federal prison. After his release, he moved to San Francisco and taught at the University of California's extension campus there. He was a prolific screenwriter, writing more than 40 screenplays including, "The Romance of Rosy Bridge," "Blood on the Sun," "If I Had A Million, " "I Stole A Million," "The Invisible Man Returns," and "None Shall Escape." In the 1960s, he wrote the screenplay for "Born Free," an adaptation of a book about raising a lioness in Kenya. The studio told producer Carl Foreman to keep Cole's name out of the credits due to the industry blacklist but Foreman refused to release the film unless Cole was given credit. The studio relented and the blacklist was broken. Cole was one of the founders of the Screenwriters Guild (now the Writers Guild of America), formed during the Depression to fight pay cuts by studios. He would serve as the Guild's president from 1944-1945. He wrote his autobiography, "Hollywood Red," in 1984.
Cause of death: Heart attack (bio by: Donna Di Giacomo)
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Donna Di Giacomo
Record added: Aug 25, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 11608426
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