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Johann DeKalb
Birth: Jun. 29, 1721
Death: Aug. 16, 1780
Camden
Kershaw County
South Carolina, USA

Revolutionary War General. Born in Huettendorf, Bavaria, the son of a peasant farmer, he attended school at Kriegenbronn before leaving home at age sixteen. He received military training in a German regiment of the French infantry in 1743. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. In 1763, at the battle of Wilhelmstahl, he won the Order of Military Merit. In 1768 the head of the French Foreign Ministry sent DeKalb to America on a secret mission for France to determine the extent of colonial discontent. He returned with detailed reports, but was apparently eager to return to the New World. In 1776 won a promise of a commission in the Continental Army from Silas Deane, the American commissioner to France and sailed again once more for America. He arrived in July 1777 and was appointed a major general by the Continental Congress. Second in command to the Marquis de Lafayette, he participated in a failed expedition against Canada in 1778. In April 1780 DeKalb was ordered south to relieve Charleston, South Carolina, but the city fell to the British while he was still en route. At Deep River, North Carolina he was joined by General Horatio Gates, commander of the southern department. Gates delayed an offensive until British forces became aware of his army. On August 14 the Americans marched against them at Camden. During the battle, DeKalb's horse was killed under him, and he was himself wounded eleven times. DeKalb was carried from the field and attended by Dr. Isaac Alexander. He died three days later. In March 1825 DeKalb's remains were exhumed and reinterred in the Bethesda Presbyterian Churchyard. Robert Mills, the designer of the Washington Monument, also designed DeKalb's monument. General LaFayette laid its cornerstone. The epitaph reads: ‘Here lies the remains of Baron DeKalb - A German by birth, but in principle, a citizen of the world.' Six counties in the United States are named for DeKalb, making it the third most popular name for a county in the nation. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Inscription:
HERE/ LIE THE REMAINS/ OF/ BARON DE KALB,/ A GERMAN BY BIRTH, BUT/ IN PRINCIPLE,/ A CITIZEN OF THE WORLD./ --- (south)

HIS LOVE OF LIBERTY/ INDUCED HIM/ TO LEAVE THE OLD WORLD/ TO AID THE CITIZENS OF THE NEW,/ IN THEIR STRUGGLE/ FOR/ INDEPENDENCE./ HIS DISTINGUISHED TALENTS/ AND MANY VIRTUES/ WEIGHED WITH CONGRESS/ TO APPOINT HIM/ MAJOR GENERAL/ IN THEIR/ REVOLUTIONARY ARMY./ --- (east)

IN GRATITUDE/ FOR HIS ZEAL AND SERVICES,/ THE CITIZENS OF CAMDEN/ HAVE ERECTED/ THIS MONUMENT./ --- (north)

HE WAS/ SECOND IN COMMAND/ IN THE BATTLE FOUGHT NEAR/ CAMDEN,/ ON THE 16TH AUGUST/ 1780,/ BETWEEN THE/ BRITISH AND AMERICANS;/ AND/ THERE NOBLY FELL/ COVERED WITH WOUNDS WHILE/ GALLANTLY PERFORMING/ DEEDS OF VALOR/ IN/ RALLYING THE FRIENDS/ AND/ OPPOSING THE ENEMIES/ OF HIS/ ADOPTED COUNTRY./ --- (west)
 
Burial:
Bethesda Presbyterian Churchyard
Camden
Kershaw County
South Carolina, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jul 29, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 11297
Johann DeKalb
Added by: Garver Graver
 
Johann DeKalb
Added by: Mike Dover
 
Johann DeKalb
Added by: Mike Dover
 
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Thank you sir...
- R.E. Wood
 Added: Oct. 11, 2013
We honor you and your service sir!
- descendants of Gen. John Sevier of Tennessee
 Added: Aug. 20, 2013

- Robert Saulino, Sr.
 Added: Jun. 29, 2012
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Current ranking for this person: (4.1 after 27 votes)
 

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