|Birth: ||Sep. 13, 1842|
|Death: ||Sep. 8, 1911|
Prince Jan Maurycy Paweł Cardinal Puzyna de Kosielsko srved as Bishop of Kraków from 1895 until his death in 1911. Receiving the Red Hat in 1901, he was known for his conservative views and authoritarianism.
Born on September 13, 1842, in Gwożdżcu, within the Archdiocese of Lviv of the Latins, in Galizia, Austria, the son of Roman Puzyna and Hortensji z Dwernickich, he received the names Jan Duklan Maurycy Pawel on his baptism. His last name is also found listed as Puzyna z Kozielsko.
Earning a Doctorate in Law from the University of Lviv on June 24, 1870, he entered the Seminary of Przemyśl in 1876, and was ordained to the Priesthood on December 8, 1878, at 36 years of age by Msgr. Maciej Hirschler, Bishop of Przemyśl, after having served as Procurator, Magistrate and Commissioner of Skarbu. He was successively named as Vicar of Przeworsk, Vice - Rector of the Seminary of Przemyśl, and Canon of its Cathedral Chapter in 1880.
Elected Titular Bishop of the See of Memphis and appointed Auxiliary of Leopolis of the Latins, Puzyna received his Episcopal Consecration on March 25, 1886, inside the Church of San Giovanni Canzio of Rome, from Cardinal Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, assisted by Msgr. Franziskus von Paula Schönborn, Archbishop of Prague, and by Msgr. Josyf Sembratowicz, Titular Archbishop of the See of Teodosiopoli and Former archbishop of Lviv and Halicz of the Greek Ruthenians.
On January 22, 1895, the Bishop was transferred to the See of Kraków, with the Title of Prince Bishop. Created Cardinal Priest in the Consistory of April 15, 1901, with the Title of Ss. Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio by Pope Leo XIII, whilst participating in the Conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X as Vicar of Rome, he presented the Veto of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria - Hungary against the election of Cardinal Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro.
Puzyna wanted to avoid the election of Rampolla, who was sympathetic to Russia and Germany. Among other things, Rampolla sought to curry favor with Russia by abolishing the Polish Language and instituting Russian in the Russian partition's Catholic Churches. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, too, did not wish to see Rampolla elected to the Chair of Peter. He held a grudge against Rampolla for opposing a proper burial for his son Rudolf upon the latter's suicide. Rampolla also openly supported political forces in Austria that were hostile to the Emperor.
On his way to the Conclave, Puzyna met in Vienna with the Emperor and proposed that the Emperor present his Veto against Cardinal Rampolla. The Emperor subscribed to the idea, and Puzyna presented the Veto on the third day of the Conclave. It was the last time such a Veto was used. The Veto, that was already not recognized by the Church's Law and as such non-binding, still carried much political weight, as the cardinals feared opposing the manifest will of one of the Christian Monarchs. The Civil Veto was abolished by the newly elected Pope Pius X, who imposed the penalty of Excommunication upon anyone that would dare to introduce a Veto or otherwise interfere in the election of the Roman Pontiff. Pope Pius X further decreed that all Cardinals should take an Oath upon the beginning of the Conclave, promising not to aid any civil power in an attempt to influence the election of the Pope.
Decorated with the Grand Cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan in 1904, Puzyna died in Kraków, on September 8, 1911, aged 69, and was interred inside Wawel's Cathedral of Kraków.
Plot: Chapel Of The Immaculate Conception.
Created by: Eman Bonnici
Record added: Jan 16, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 32957328
It Was You, O God, Who Made Your Servant Cardinal Puzyna, A Successor Of The Apostles By Raising Him To The Episcopal Order. May He Also Be Associated With Them Forever. We Ask This Through Our Lord, Jesus Christ, Your Son. Amen.|
Added: Jul. 22, 2011