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Frederick Gerhardt
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Birth: Nov. 11, 1835, Germany
Death: Oct. 21, 1914
Quay County
New Mexico, USA

Frederick married Sophia L. DUELM (maiden name) on March 4, 1865 at San Antonio, Bexar, TX. To this union were born these known children: Anna, Herman, Paulina L., William, Wilhelmina "Mina", Carl John, Sophie, Alfred, Clara, Lillie and Caroline Gerhardt.
Source: "Living Water" a history of New Mexico held by the Fort Sumner, DeBaco County, NM library.
Frederick Gerhardt, born in Friesenheim, Baden, Germany in 1835, was the youngest of twenty children. Becoming disatisfied with the many government restrictions of his native land, he and his brother John emigrated to New York in 1852. After gaining sufficient mastery of the language to obtain employment, he started work in a silk factory. He moved on to Massachusettes and then to New Jersey, continuing to work in textile factories. In about 1860 Frederick moved to Texas. It was during his employment as a store clerk, in San Antonio, that he met his future wife, Sophie Louisa Duelm.

While playing with live caps at age three, Frederick sustained an eye injury that caused the Union Army to reject him as a soldier during the Civil War. His sympathies were with the Union, but by remaining in the South, he was eventually conscripted by the Confederacy. He drove teams bringing supplies from Mexico and later became the cook for General Robert E. Lee and his staff.

At the end of the war, Sophie became Frederick's bride. She was born in 1845, the youngest of eight children, and was also a native of Germany. In 1855 her family had left Hagen, Waldec, Germany and landed in Galveston, Texas. The family then settled in San Antonio.

During the next twenty years Frederick held a variety of city and county offices. He taught school in a German settlement for two years and for a time owned and operated a farm. Letters from his mother in Germany came only once a year and in one of these he learned that John, whom he had neither seen nor heard from for thirty years, was living in New Mexico. The family packed up and came by train to Las Vegas, going from there by wagon to the Pecos River, about twenty miles northwest of Ft. Sumner. Choosing 160 acres adjoining John's sheep ranch, the Gerhardts' lived here for seven years, raising sheep also. In 1889, they moved to the Las Truchas Creek, about twenty miles northeast of Ft. Sumner. An Adobe house was built here by sons Carl and Herman and Spanish helpers who supplied knowledge about adobes. Frederick and the boys raised sheep here also. By this time there were nine children in the family. (Anna, Herman, Pauline, Mina, Carl, Sophie, Clara, Lillie and Caroline) and an older sister held daily classes in the home.

In 1889, Herman and his new wife moved to the lower end of the Las Truchas Valley, raising their own sheep there. He eventually had a two-story rock house built here, which still stands today. Shortly after this, Frederick gradually turned to raising cattle. Dry land farmers came and went, renaming the Valley to the Gerhardt Valley, which it is still called.

In 1914, Carl married Nettie Catherine Brown, daughter of a Methodist minister. Their only daughter, Nettie Bernice, eventually married Neal Koll. It is Nettie and Neal's son, Lee, who now own the Gerhardt Ranch."
note: Taken from articles by Lillie Gerhardt Anderson and Mrs. Lamar Luna. 
Family links: 
  Sophia Louisa Duelm Gerhardt (1845 - 1921)*
  Herman Gerhardt (1868 - 1934)*
  Paulina Louisa Gerhardt (1869 - 1924)*
  Wilhelmina Gerhardt Reed (1871 - 1933)*
  Carl John Gerhardt (1873 - 1944)*
  Alfred Gerhardt (1879 - 1883)*
  Clara Gerhardt (1882 - 1943)*
  Lillie Gerhardt Anderson (1885 - 1974)*
  Caroline Gerhardt (1888 - 1903)*
*Calculated relationship
Gerhardt Cemetery
Quay County
New Mexico, USA
Created by: Connie WEEAKS Pace
Record added: Jan 23, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 64562613

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 Added: Aug. 5, 2015

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 Added: Apr. 23, 2013

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