Carpio's parents were Jose Manuel Archuleta and Atanacia Cordova. Siblings were: Jose Leonisio, Sophia, Eloisa, Andreita, Primitivo, and Aurelia. About 1909, Carpio married his first wife Anna Onofre Armenta. Their daughter was Maria Cordelia "Delia". On 12 Oct 1914, Carpio married Maria Ramoncita Cordova. Their children were: Rosa Cordilia, Manuel Jose, Juanita Sofia, Josefa Veroniz, Fidel, Maria Veronica, Policarpio "Carpio", and Maria Erlinda.