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 • Bristoe Station Battlefield
 • Bristow
 • Prince William County
 • Virginia
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Pvt James Madison Sheridan
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Birth: 1829
North Carolina, USA
Death: Oct. 14, 1863
Bristow
Prince William County
Virginia, USA

Son of George and Mary "Polly" Sheridan
Grandson of Thomas Sheridan.

Husband of Affia Haseltine (Stone) Sheridan. They were married Jan 1, 1856.

Father of four little daughters:
Mary Ellen
Cornelia Rachel
Elizabeth Della
Martha "Mattie" Frances

Before the Civil War James Sheridan was a Millwright.

He enlisted in the Civil War with the 26th North Carolina, Company G on March 6, 1862 in Chatham County, North Carolina. Company G was known as "The Chatham Boys".

James M. Sheridan fought at Gettysburg, PA and survived. On the first day at Gettysburg he fought in Herbst Woods on McPherson's Ridge and on the third day he was in Pickett's Charge on Cemetery Ridge.

The 26th North Carolina hold the tragic distinction of suffering the highest casualities of any unit Union or Confederate during the Battle of Gettysburg.

James Sheridan was killed three and half months later at the Battle of Bristoe Station, in Bristow, VA while in Kirkland's Brigade. He is buried on the battlefield.

A correspondent wrote about James in the Fayetteville Observer, dated Monday, November 9, 1863. Excerpts of that are:
"Among the many noble sons of the South that have given their lives to be sacrificed on the altar of their country, none are perhaps more worthy of his name being immortalized than Private James M. Sheridan. Company G, 26th N.C.T., who fell in the destructive charge at Bristow Station, on Oct. 14, 1863. Ever ready to do his humble duty as a private, at which so many look with a kind of sneer, thinking it an honor to die in the noble cause he had espoused; in camp, pleasant and agreeable, on the march, kind and obliging, and in battle cool and brave. Sheridan leaves a tender wife and four little daughters to mourn their great loss; to them their almost sole human help. We commit them to the care of Him who has promised to be a husband to the widow and a father to the fatherless. Farewell, noble comrade! Though the missiles of the enemy have taken you from us, and we are no more to be greeted by you and encouraged in the cause of independence by your services, your noble deeds will never be forgotten by your survivors and our most noble desire earthly shall be to emulate your worthy examples in life and avenge your lamented death."

The Battle of Bristoe Station marked the first major encounter between the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac since the stinging Confederate defeat at Gettysburg (July 13, 1863). On October 14, 1863, General A.P. Hill's corps stumbled upon two corps of the Union army at Bristoe Station and attacked without proper reconnaissance.

This blunder by A. P. Hill led to two Confederate brigades (26th and 27th NC) being destroyed by Union forces concealed behind a railroad embankment. Union soldiers of the II Corps, posted behind the Orange & Alexandria Railroad embankment, mauled two brigades of Henry Heth's division (Cooke's and Kirkland's Brigades) and captured a battery of artillery.

At Bristoe Station, A.P. Hill lost standing in the eyes of Robert E. Lee, who angrily ordered, "Well, well, General, bury these poor men, and let us say no more about it."

Civil War Battles that James M. Sheridan fought in:
New Bern, NC - March 14, 1862
King's School House - June 25, 1862
Seven Days - June 28, 1862
Malvern Hill/Harrison's Landing - July 1, 1862
Rawls' Mill, Martin Co. NC - November 2, 1862
Barrington Ferry, NC - March 14, 1863
Gettysburg, PA - 7/1-5/63
Williamsport, MD - 7/12-13/63
Falling Waters, MD - July 14, 1863
Culpeper C.H, VA - September 13, 1863
Bristoe Station, VA - October 14, 1863
 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Affia Haseltine Stone Sheridan (1836 - 1864)
 
 Children:
  Elizabeth Della Sheridan Ellis (1859 - 1938)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Bristoe Station Battlefield
Bristow
Prince William County
Virginia, USA
Plot: Battlefield
 
Created by: Patricia Ryan
Record added: Feb 25, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 105786439
Pvt James Madison Sheridan
Added by: Patricia Ryan
 
Pvt James Madison Sheridan
Added by: Patricia Ryan
 
 
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