|Death: ||Dec. 26, 1862|
A leader of the Sioux and a warrior in the Dakota War, he belonged to Little Crow's band of Mdewakantons. He was also known as Rdainyanka or "Rattling Runner" or "Rattling Water". He was the son-in-law of Chief Wabasha. He signed the Treaty of Mendota in 1851. In 1862, he fought with the Dakota at the battles at New Ulm, Fort Ridgely, and Wood Lake. He was speaker of the Mdewakenton before the battle of Wood Lake, and offered great rewards to those who fought well.
He was one of 303 Sioux who were tried by a military commission and convicted for killings committed in warfare. President Abraham Lincoln reviewed each of the cases and commuted the death sentences of all but 38, one of whom was Hdainyanka.
Shortly before he was executed, he wrote the following letter to his father-in-law, Chief Wabasha:
You have deceived me. You told me that if we followed the advice of General Sibley, and gave ourselves up to the whites, all would be well; no innocent man would be injured. I have not killed, wounded or injured a white man, or any white persons. I have not participated in the plunder of their property; and yet to-day I am set apart for execution, and must die in a few days, while men who are guilty will remain in prison. My wife is your daughter, my children are your grandchildren. I leave them all in your care and under your protection. Do not let them suffer; and when my children are grown up, let them know that their father died because he followed the advice of his chief, and without having the blood of a white man to answer for to the Great Spirit.
Case No. 19. Rda-in-yan-kua. Took a prominent part in all the battles, including an attack on New-Ulm, leading and urging the Indians forward, and opposing the giving up of the captives when it was proposed by others.
Dakota (Sioux) Memorial - 1862
Blue Earth County
Created by: Cindy K. Coffin
Record added: Feb 05, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 47615863
Cindy K. Coffin
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