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Alford J. Baisden
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Birth: 1838
North Carolina, USA
Death: 1900
Georgia, USA

Company D
3rd North Carolina Artillery

Husband of Martha Ann Thompson.

"Alford J. Baisden was born about 1838 in North Carolina, the son of Nancy Baisden and (possibly) Frederick Edwards. In the U.S. censuses of North Carolina for 1850 and 1860, he is listed as an Edwards, but when he and his three brothers joined the Confederate Army they joined as Baisdens.

Alford enlisted June 9, 1861 in the Lenoir "Braves", an artillery unit organized in Lenoir County, N.C. He listed his residence as Duplin County, N.C. and his occupation as farmer. Documents in his military record at the U.S. Archives indicate he could not read or write and signed his name with an "X". His first name was spelled in all the early records as "Alfred". Alford's unit was ordered to Fort Hatteras as Company K, 32nd Regiment, N.C. Troops and was simply referred to as "Captain Sutton's Company" after its commander, Captain William Sutton (This information is from: N.C. Troops, Vol. I., State Dept. of Archives and History, compiled by Louis H. Manarin, Raleigh, N.C., 1966, pp. 374-376.

Alford was captured at Fort Hatteras, but his brother, Edward Hill Baisden, was not and Edward was transferred to Co. D, 27th Regt., N.C. Troops, where he served with his brother, David C. Baisden (from: N.C. Troops, Vol. VIII., p. 39). Alford was sent to Governor's Island, New York Harbor until he was sent to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, Mass., on Nov. 1, 1861. He was paroled on Feb. 3, 1862 as part of an exchange of prisoners. By Mar. 12, 1862 he and his unit were at Fort Lane on the Neuse River below New Bern, N.C. On Mar. 14-15, 1862, New Bern was evacuated and the company moved to Kinston, N.C., then ordered to Wilmington, N.C., where it arrived in April 1862 and was detailed on Provost Guard duty (from: N.C. Troops, Vol. I., p. 375).

Alford was one of those captured at Fort Fisher on Jan. 15, 1865. He and the others were taken by ship to Point Lookout, Maryland, arriving there on Jan. 22, 1865. He was released from the prisoner of war camp on May 12, 1865 after taking an oath of allegiance to the Union.

According to family legend, Alford was a "woods rider" who rode the woods checking on the turpentine cups and he was also supposed to have gotten involved in trading horses. It was said that he could doctor up a horse which was actually sick so that it would appear well, but would possibly die the day after the sale. Frederick Edwards' will affirms that Alford would have had experience in turpentining at his home in Limestone Township, Duplin County, N.C. and that Frederick owned some horses.

Alford is not to be found at all in the 1870 censuses of any of the southern states. He did return home to Duplin County, N.C. after the Civil War for at least a short time. In the will of Daniel Edwards, which was witnessed May 4, 1865 by Brantley Baisden and Daniel's widow, Marenda Edwards, there were numerous items that were to be sold. According to the June 1866 term of the court, Alfred Basden had purchased one lot of crockery for $1.20. It also showed that on Nov. 9, 1865 he had purchased one lot of traces for $0.50; and one "salle" (saw?) for $10.00. During that same period of time Brantley Baisden purchased one bee hive for $3.10 and one bee gum for $0.05.

Why Alford Baisden would not have settled the will of his father, Frederick Edwards, during this period of time is unclear, but in 1871 John Turner petitioned the Superior Court of Duplin County concerning the land which Frederick Edwards had left to Alfred Basden, Edward Hill Basden, and David C. Basden, as the executor of the will, Edward Armstrong, had not yet disposed of the land, nor had he settled debts left by Frederick Edwards which had been bought in a note by John Turner. The original promissory note was for $75.00, but John Turner had obtained a judgment in the Justices Court of Limestone Township for $133.51. It was noted that Edward Hill Basden had died in military service. It was later stated in an affidavit that Alfred and David C. Basden could not be found in Duplin County and their former neighbors did not know their whereabouts. The Superior Court of Duplin County even ran an ad in the Wilmington Journal, a weekly newspaper in Wilmington, N.C., which served that whole corner of North Carolina at that time. The ad, initiated Sept. 18, 1871, was to run in the paper for six weeks and it demanded that Alfred and David C. Basden appear before the Superior Court of Duplin County. It did not specify why they were to appear. The ad met with no answers from either of the brothers and the land was sold to satisfy the judgment.

On Apr. 27, 1873, Alford married Martha Ann Thompson, b. Apr. 1844 in N.C. and also of mixed white and Indian background, in the home of A.D. Williamson, by Laban Williamson, the Justice of the Peace, in Whiteville, Columbus County, N.C. Martha’s father was Duncan Thompson, according to the Columbus County, N.C. marriage documents, but Duncan Thompson is never found with the family in the census records and there are no other records to verify his existence. Her mother was Lucy Matilda Thompson, born about 1812, and not to be confused with Martha’s sister of the same name. Lucy Matilda Thompson’s parents were George and Sarah Ann Thompson of Robeson County, N.C., Lumbee Indians.

By the time they were married, Martha Thompson had already given birth to three children, all presumably the children of Alford Baisden. Some of the family members of the oldest, Nancy, believe that she was not, but her death certificate lists her mother as Martha Baisdon and her father as "Jim" Baisdon. Family records show Alford Baisden as “A.J.”, so it is possible his middle name was James or Jim.

How they met is not certain, but during the Civil War, Alford Baisden was stationed near Wilmington, N.C. at Fort Holmes and Fort Fisher as early as January 1863. In the area as early as July 1863 until the capture of Fort Fisher, was his future brother-in-law, James W. Thompson, who was first in the Confederate Army and then the Confederate Navy. It is possible they met and then, through James, Alford met Martha Ann Thompson.

According to family legend, Alford Baisden left North Carolina after he had been accused of killing a black man while Alford was out woods riding and had even spent some time in jail because of the accusation. Alford always denied this accusation, but stated that because of the notoriety the accusation had brought him he could not stay in North Carolina. It is not known if this incident occurred in Duplin County or after he had moved to Columbus County, but Alford and his family left North Carolina, first stopping (according to family legend) for a while just across the border in South Carolina.

By 1875 the family was in Appling County, Ga., where their son, John, was born. Of interest is the fact that part of Appling County, Ga. was later cut off and formed into Evans County, Ga. with the county seat as Claxton, Ga. A group of Croatan (later called Lumbee) Indians settled into that section and lived there for a number of years before returning to Robeson County, N.C. There is now a monument in Claxton, Ga. pertaining to that settlement. It is not known if Alford and his family lived in that part of Appling County. At the time of the 1880 U.S. census they were living in Liberty County, Ga. Alford is believed to have died during the time period of 1899-1900 in Berrien County, Ga. At the time of the 1900 census his widow, Martha, was living in Berrien County, Ga. and in the 1910 census she was living with her son, Barney, in Douglas, Coffee County, Ga.

According to Mrs. Barney (Odessa) Baisden, Jr., Martha lived on her grandfather Fender's place in a little house and she died about 1923-24. Odessa says that she was a little girl, but that it stuck in her memory about the dreary day when the mule and wagon backed up to the house to load the casket for burial. Martha was buried in an unmarked grave, according to Odessa, at the McDonald Cemetery, Willacoochee, Ga., next to Alford, who was also buried there in an unmarked grave. Some descendents of Alford, however, say that Alfred was buried near Nashville, Berrien County, Ga. According to Barney Baisden, Jr., there are also three unmarked graves at the McDonald Cemetery that have brick slabs covered over with concrete that is chipping apart and those three graves are the graves of Barney, Sr., Bryant Baisden, and Nancy McDonald’s husband, all located just inside the cemetery gate to the right. (Note: the cemetery gate has since then been moved to the left side of the cemetery)." -Author not known 
Family links: 
  Lucy Baisden Brumble (1862 - 1928)*
  Barnibus Benjamin Baisden (1873 - 1918)*
  John Isom Baisden (1875 - 1942)*
  Bryant Gaston Baisden (1886 - 1918)*
*Calculated relationship
McDonald Cemetery
Atkinson County
Georgia, USA
Created by: robin pellicci moore
Record added: Sep 04, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 96485169
Alford J. Baisden
Added by: Britt D Hayes
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- robin pellicci moore
 Added: Jul. 14, 2016

- Charlotte Ann Price
 Added: Aug. 24, 2013

- robin pellicci moore
 Added: Sep. 4, 2012

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