|Birth: ||May 30, 1811|
|Death: ||May 26, 1848|
Russian literary critic of Westernizing tendency. He was an associate of Alexander Herzen, Mikhail Bakunin (he at one time courted one of his sisters), and other critical intellectuals. He played one of the key roles in the career of poet and publisher Nikolay Nekrasov and his popular magazine "Sovremennik." He was born in Sveaborg, Helsinki and lived in the town of Chembar (now Belinsky in the Belinsky District of Penza Oblast) and in Penza, where he studied in gymnazia (1825-1829). In 1829-1832 he was a student of Moscow University. In Moscow he published his first famous articles. In 1839 he was going to St. Petersburg, Russia, where he was a respected critic and editor of two major literary magazines: Otechestvennye Zapiski ("Notes of the Fatherland"), and Sovremennik ("The Contemporary"). In both magazines Belinsky worked with younger Nikolay Nekrasov. He took on much conventional philosophical thinking among educated Russians, including the dry and abstract philosophizing of the German idealists and their Russian followers. In his words, "What is it to me that the Universal exists when the individual personality [lichnost'] is suffering." Or: "The fate of the individual, of the person, is more important than the fate of the whole world." He worked most of his short life as a literary critic. His writings on literature were inseparable from these moral judgments. Belinsky believed that the only realm of freedom in the repressive reign of Nicholas I was through the written word. He was an early supporter of the work of Ivan Turgenev.
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russian Federation
Created by: julia&keld
Record added: Aug 18, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 29121016
Added: May. 11, 2010