|Birth: ||Sep. 11, 1719|
Age @ 71
MARRIAGE: 04/20/1736 - Age 17
1708-1798 Fenstermacher, Johann Jakob Sr
1) 1740-1801 Anna Maria *
2) 1740-1801 Wilhelm Johannes (William) *
3) 1748-1829 Christian
4) 1749-____ Jacob Jr *
5) 1750-1806 Joseph
6) 1753-____ Anna Barbara
7) 1758-1840 Andrew *
8) 1760-1815 Johannes Jacob
9) 1764-1842 Davalt
_______________ * _______________
DATES/BIRTH PLACE/NAME VARIATIONS
1) Andrew was born "AFTER" 1736, but since that is the only information we have on him, it is being used as the point of reference.
...BIRTH DATE . DEATH DATE ... NAME
2) 05/16/1740 - 05/10/1801 - Anna Maria
3) 10/11/1740 - 11/27/1801 - William John
It is highly unlikely they were born and died within six months of each other. Some records have Anna Maria's year of birth as 1741.
5) Jacob Jr, BIRTH year from 1749-1752.
There are duplicate files for a Jacob dated 1751 in Find A Grave which may or may not be him.
BIRTH PLACE VARIATIONS:
FRANCE, THE U.S.A & GERMANY
Exact location within Germany varies due to boundary changes.
Achtelsbach, Birkenfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz
Traunen, Birkenfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz
Traunen, Pfalz, Bayern
MIDDLE NAME VARIATIONS:
Maria, Margred, Margretha, Magdalena
LAST NAME VARIATIONS: FENSTERMAKER
After immigration a wide diversity occurred in the spelling of the name Fenstermacher.
Since immigrants usually couldn't speak, read or write English, their name changed as often as the person writing it - and was often phonetic.
Accents, and the fact that other languages do not have the same 26 letter A-Z alphabet that English does, also contributed to making translations tricky and documentation difficult.
As if that wasn't enough the spelling of names is complicated by relocation. As they moved, individuals in one county or state would be taught the spelling of their name differently than the same family members in another.
In addition, names eventually were Anglicised, making it difficult to determine which is the actual, correct, version, so for the most part I have used the spelling of the name the family has agreed upon or where possible the name on the headstone.
~ BIRTH/DEATH/MARRIAGE RECORDS ~
For those frustrated by LACK OF EXACT INFORMATION bear in mind these were PIONEERS.
Mass immigration occurred 30 or more years PRIOR to U.S. Independence. Most U.S. births, deaths and marriages occurred AT HOME, and may or may not have been documented by Church Records or the Family Bible, but were not a requirement of the BRITISH EMPIRE.
The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
Outside of the largest cities, there were no churches, schools, hospitals, stores, or CEMETERIES. Most pioneer graves occurred near where the individual died and were generally marked only by piles of stone or wooden crosses that disintegrate over time.
Foreigners who could not read or write in the native language where they live were functionally illiterate, but the backbone of this nation, building as they traveled.
Early cemeteries did not bury families together – that is a modern day concept. Pioneer cemeteries originally buried people next to each other in the order of death, with separate locations for adults, children and ethnicity.
Illiteracy was the norm, and only the wealthy were able to afford to send their progeny off to the city for several years to be educated. It isn't that we "FAILED" to find the documents; very few actually exist and due to illiteracy and/or language barriers their accuracy is highly questionable and often conflicting. Quill and paper were not standard household items, blackboards and chalk were, which is why the Bible was used to document personal records and its loss devastating.
I offer known, but unsubstantiated, optional dates in the files - not to confuse - but to reflect the diversity in record keeping of that era.
Be thankful we have the pre-independence records available, instead of critical of their inaccuracies.
Wilhelm Fenstermacher (1740 - 1801)*
Longswamp Union Cemetery
Created by: J Martin
Record added: Oct 28, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 99746748
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