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Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins OM
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Birth: Jun. 20, 1861
East Sussex, England
Death: May 16, 1947
Cambridgeshire, England

Number #20 refers to "A Cambridge Necropolis" by Dr. Mark Goldie from March 2000 for Friends of The Parish of The Ascension Burial Ground, total 49.

Born in Eastbourne, he was the son of families who had been in the jewellery and book trades in London. His father, a gifted amateur scientist died when he was an infant. His education was patchy and he started his working life as an analyst in a City finance firm. At twenty he entered himself for a course in chemistry at South Kensington (later Imperial) College and then at University College. Sir Thomas Stevenson, a Home Office pathologist, appointed him his assistant, and he now embarked part-time on studying for the B.Sc., cramming on the train from Enfield to Guy's Hospital. In 1890, he graduated and secured a research studentship at Guy's. In 1891 he published his first paper on a method for determining uric acid in urine. He next turned to the study of pigments in butterflies and their relation to uric acid. Hopkins qualified in medicine and began to teach physiology at Guy's. He started to study proteins. In 1898 he was appointed a lecturer in chemical physiology at Cambridge. He eked out his stipend by tutorial work for Emmanuel College, where he became a Fellow. Continuing his research, he came to the conclusion that purified proteins, fats, carbohydrates and salts could not be sufficient for complete animal nutrition, and that there must be unidentified trace substances also present in natural foods. These we now know to be vitamins. His key paper was published in 1912 in the "Journal of Physiology" and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1929. In 1910 Hopkins had moved to a praelectorship at Trinity College which left him free for his research on metabolism. In 1914 he became professor of biochemistry. With the founding of the Dunn Laboratory in 1921, and the gathering of a significant band of students about him in succeeding years, he gave a singular impetus to the creation of biochemistry as a distinctive discipline. Among his students was Joseph Needham. Hopkins was elected FRS in 1905, knighted in 1925, and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1935.

In 1898 he married Jessie Anne Stephens; they had two daughters, one of whom was Jacquetta Hawkes who became a well-known writer on archaeology and the wife of J.B. Priestley. One of his cousins was the Jesuit poet Gerard Manley Hopkins.

He was President of the Royal Society from 1930 to 1935.

He died at his home, Saxmeadham, 71 Grange Road, Cambridge, on 16 May 1947.

10 Friends of HENRY JACKSON who are also buried in 'Ascension' are:

F.M.CORNFORD (cremated)
A.S. EDDINGTON, O.M. (cremated)

* Part of the list of the Master, Fellows, Chaplains, and Organist on the Address to Dr. Jackson on the occasion of his eightieth birthday. Trinity College, 14th July 1919.

Hopkins, Frederick Gowland.
Adm. at EMMANUEL, Mar. 1, 1900. S. of Frederick. M.A. 1900; Hon. Sc.D. 1933.
F.R.S., 1905. Fellow of Emmanuel, 1907-10. Fellow of Trinity, 1910-47;
Praelector in Biochemistry. Hon. Fellow of Emmanuel, 1911. D.Sc., London. Hon.
LL.D., Birmingham, Aberdeen, Glasgow and St Andrews. Hon. Sc.D., Oxford,
Manchester, Dublin, Leeds, Sheffield, Reading, Harvard. D.C.L., Durham. At
Guy's Hospital. M.R.C.S.; L.R.C.P., 1894. F.R.C.P., 1914. Demonstrator in
Physiology and Chemistry at Guy's Hospital. Reader in Chemical Physiology at
Cambridge, 1902-14. Professor of Biochemistry, 1914-21; Sir Wm. Dunn
Professor, 1921-43; [p.438] retired. The outstanding Biochemist of his time,
his name will always be popularly associated with the 'discovery of vitamins.'
One of the original members of the Medical Research Council; retired, 1930.
Member of the Agricultural Research Council. Huxley Memorial Lecturer, 1920.
Hertz Lecturer, New York and Baltimore, 1921. Cameron Prizeman, University of
Edinburgh, 1922. Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1929. One of the Official Analysts
to the Home Office. President of the Royal Society, 1930-5. President of the
British Association, 1933. Knighted, 1925. O.M., June, 1935. Of Saxmeadham,
Grange Road, Cambridge. Died May 16, 1947. (Medical Directories; Who's Who.)

See ODNB. 
Family links: 
  Jessie Ann Stevens Hopkins (1861 - 1937)
  Jacquetta Jessie Hopkins Hawkes (1910 - 1996)*
*Calculated relationship
Ascension Parish Burial Ground
City of Cambridge
Cambridgeshire, England
Plot: 2D52
Created by: Martin Douglas Packer
Record added: Sep 09, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 96738496
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins OM
Added by: Martin Douglas Packer
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins OM
Added by: Martin Douglas Packer
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- Martin Douglas Packer
 Added: May. 29, 2014

- Martin Douglas Packer
 Added: May. 29, 2014

- Martin Douglas Packer
 Added: Nov. 23, 2013
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