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Theresa Alice "Tessie" Fair Oelrichs
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Birth: 1854
California, USA
Death: 1926
Newport County
Rhode Island, USA

Socialite, heiress and society leader. Born in a filthy mining camp somewhere in California, Tessie was the eldest daughter of James Fair and his wife Theresa. James struck it rich in the Comstock Lode. Fair was one of four major investors of the program, and thus was made a millionaire overnight. He immediately moved his family from a dirty camp to one of the grandest homes in San Francisco. Despite their newfound wealth, the Fairs were not happy. Finally Mrs Fair sued for divorce, claiming a $5 million divorce settlement, the largest at the time, and custody of Tessie and her sister, Virginia. They wintered in San Francisco and summered in Newport, where, in 1889, she met Hermann Oelrichs, the heir to a large shipping fortune and the son of one of Baltimore's most prominent families. They married a year later in a lavish wedding, at which James Fair was not invited. James, not one to hold grudges, gave the couple his blessing by bestowing upon them a check for $1 million. With this money, they purchased in New York City, for the sum of $167,000, the marble townhouse of the late Mary Mason Jones. Since the mansion was considerably old, the Oelrichs felt it needed a renovation. 2 years later, and $150,000, and the mansion was complete. Shortly afterwards, James Fair passed away, leaving an inheritance of $50 million to Tessie and the same to Virginia, who had married the son of William K Vanderbilt, Willie. Nevertheless, Tessie felt that she and Hermann needed a Newport residence, as they were trying to break into Newport's rigid High Society. They had architect Stanford White construct an H-shaped plan "cottage", which she named Rosecliff. Before the house was completed, Tessie gave a large ball in the unfinished ballroom to announce the Oelrichs's arrival in Newport. Once completed, the total cost was $264,000. The ballroom would see many more lavish parties during the social season. The most famous being her "Bal Blanc" Ball, which highlighted the Astor Cup Race in August 1904. Tessie Oelrichs decorated Rosecliff with white hydrangeas, roses, orchids, and lilies, ordered white swans for the fountain, and had a fleet of white ships constructed to float on the shore beyond the estate. Tessie was a very careful woman, fearful that people were after her money. She distrusted every single one of her servants and she kept records on everyone of them, labeling "Good", "Bad" and "Rotten". Each morning, at precisely nine, she made an cleaning inspection of every room in the house. Then she would tour her garage and stables. Cleanliness was next to godliness. Every bed had to be made up fresh everyday, and if there were a marble floor in need of a scrub, she wouldn't hesitate to take the mop and pail and go at it. "When I die," she used to say, "bury me with a cake of Sapolio in one hand and a scrubbing brush in the other. Those are my symbols." Her obsession finally caught up with her, and once while scrubbing her marble floors, at carpet tack flew into her eye and blinded her in her left eye. She also had trouble hearing, and the only way to speak to her was to shout. She was the victim of a horrible disease with which she put on weight rapidly. The result was her starving herself and exercising till she fainted. She spent thousands of dollars on buying the latest exercise equipment and, if needed, she had her strongest servants tie her corsets on her as tight as they went, she having to grab onto a chair because it was such a struggle, a gross breach of etiquette that was airily dismissed. Tessie and Hermann grew apart in their later years of marriage and they were rarely seen together. They had no problem arguing together in front of servants, family or even guests. Tessie spent most of her time in Newport and in New York City, while Hermann in San Francisco and Baltimore. Despite being the daughter of a Democrat and also the wife of one, Tessie was a supporter of the Republican Party. This was most likely because she lived in a very conservative area and most of her friends were Republicans. Tessie spent her last years at Rosecliff, which today is owned by The Preservation Society of Newport County.

Family links: 
  James Graham Fair (1831 - 1894)
  Hermann Oelrichs (1850 - 1906)
  Herman Oelrichs (____ - 1948)*
  Theresa Alice Fair Oelrichs (1854 - 1926)
  Virginia Fair Vanderbilt (1877 - 1935)*
*Calculated relationship
Woodlawn Cemetery
Bronx County
New York, USA
Created by: John Astor
Record added: Jul 08, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 93305025
Theresa Alice Tessie <i>Fair</i> Oelrichs
Added by: Bronx Aquarian
Theresa Alice Tessie <i>Fair</i> Oelrichs
Added by: John Astor
Theresa Alice Tessie <i>Fair</i> Oelrichs
Added by: John Astor
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Mrs. Oelrichs, you created a beautiful and inspiring home, Rosecliff. Thank you for your dedication to architecture and art. God bless. Rest in peace.
- LilyPondLane
 Added: Aug. 11, 2014
Tessie I just came home from Newport. visited your beautiful mansion rosecliff. such a beautiful place but no happy feelings while I was there. it went into shambles due to a pipe bursting then got sold and remodeled and the man that bought it never got t...(Read more)
- sheran
 Added: Jul. 27, 2014

- Bernard Johnson
 Added: Feb. 23, 2014
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