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King John
Original name: John Plantagenet
Birth: Dec. 24, 1167
Oxford
City of Oxford
Oxfordshire, England
Death: Oct. 19, 1216
Newark-on-Trent
Newark and Sherwood District
Nottinghamshire, England

English Monarch. Born on Christmas Eve, he was the youngest son of Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine' s five sons. It was not expected that he would ever inherit, in fact, Henry left no land to John when he died, and John's oldest surviving brother inherited, becoming Richard I. In 1191, Richard left England to embark on the Third Crusade. He left John in place as regent. While Richard was away, John attempted to seize his throne through plots with the king of France, Philip Augustus, prompting contemporaries to condemn him as “a mad-headed youth” and “nature’s enemy.” As Richard returned from the Crusades in 1192, he was captured and imprisoned by Duke Leopold of Austria. John again tried to seize the crown, but failed. In 1194, when Richard finally returned to England, John was forgiven. In 1199, Richard was killed in battle, and John finally managed to take the throne, though by the laws of succession, it should have gone to his nephew by his elder brother, Geoffrey, Arthur of Brittany. In 1203 he had his nephew seized and held prisoner first at Falaise and then at Rouen on the River Seine. At least two versions of Arthur's demise exist, one relates that John murdered, or had murdered, his nephew and had the body thrown into the Seine. John then arrested his niece, and had her held "under a gentle house arrest" for the rest of her life. Many in Brittany believed that John was responsible for Arthur's murder and they rebelled. In 1204, John’s army was defeated there. Within five years, he had lost almost all of his continental territories to Philip Augustus. The losses nearly beggared him, and he responded by increasing tax demands. In 1207, John quarreled with the pope over the appointment of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The pope excommunicated John and put England under interdiction. In 1213, John capitulated, but the angry pope issued a bull in 1214, that proclaimed that anybody who tried to overthrow John would be legally entitled to do so. By 1214, John's repressive policies and ruthless taxation to fund the war in France brought him into conflict with his barons. Their rebellion became known as the Barons War. In 1215 rebel baron leaders marched on London where they were welcomed. Their demands of the king were drawn up in a document which became the known as the Magna Carta. John was compelled to meet with them at Runnymede where on 15 June 1215, he agreed to their demands and set his seal to the Magna Carta. It was an unprecedented document which set limits on the powers of the king, laid out the feudal obligations of the barons, confirmed the liberties of the Church, and granted rights to all freemen of the realm and their heirs forever. Unfortunately, these concessions did not buy peace for long and the Barons War reignited. The barons sought French aid and Prince Louis of France landed in England supported by Alexander II of Scotland. John fled, and suffering from exhaustion, he contracted dysentery in October 1216, and died shortly thereafter at Newark Castle, at the age of 49. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Henry Plantagenet (1133 - 1189)
  Eleanor de Aquitaine (1123 - 1204)
 
 Spouse:
   Isabella of Angoulême (1188 - 1246)
 
 Siblings:
  Marie de Champagne (1145 - 1198)**
  Geoffrey FitzRoy Plantagenet (1152 - 1212)**
  William De Poitiers (1153 - 1156)*
  Henry Plantagenet (1155 - 1183)*
  Henry Plantagenet (1155 - 1183)*
  Mathilda Plantagenet (1156 - 1189)*
   Richard I (1157 - 1199)*
  Geoffrey II Plantagenet (1158 - 1186)*
  Alys Talvas (1160 - 1220)**
  Eleanor Plantagenet (1162 - 1214)*
  Joan Plantagenet (1164 - 1199)*
  King John (1167 - 1216)*
  King John (1167 - 1216)
  William Longespée (1176 - 1226)**
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Fontevraud Abbey
Fontevraud-l'Abbaye
Departement de Maine-et-Loire
Pays de la Loire, France
Plot: Cardiotaph (heart only)
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Lutetia
Record added: Jun 12, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 91818151
King John
Added by: ThomasJames123
 
King John
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Creative Commons
 
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Rest in peace, my royal 21st great-grandfather.
- Ninevin
 Added: Apr. 5, 2016
Great grandparent
- RFB Jenkins
 Added: Mar. 29, 2016
Grandfather (23) With love and respect.
- Melodie
 Added: Mar. 9, 2016
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