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 • Friedhof vor dem Nauener Tor (Defunct)
 • Potsdam
 • Potsdamer Stadtkreis
 • Brandenburg
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Ernst Eichner
Birth: Feb. 15, 1740
Death: 1777

Composer, Bassoonist, Violinist. He is considered a member of the Mannheim School, though he spent only part of his short career there and his style reflects broader influences. Poet Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart praised Eichner's music for its "melting sweetness". Born in Bad Arolsen, Germany into a musical family, Eichner was first employed in 1762 as a violinist for Duke Christian IV of Zweibrücken. He toured Europe as a violin and bassoon soloist in the middle of the decade. From 1768 to 1772 he held the prestigious post as concertmaster of the Mannheim Orchestra, the finest in Germany; most of his symphonies were composed during that period, a collection of which was published in Paris (1770). After leaving Mannheim Eichner held successful concerts of his work in Paris and London, and won second prize (behind Christian Cannabich) in the 1772 Fois Germain Symphony Competition. In August 1773 he settled in Potsdam as principal bassoonist in the orchestra of Crown Prince Frederick William II of Prussia. He died there at 37. Eichner was greatly esteemed by his contemporaries. His compositions were published in three countries and performed throughout the continent. In the early 1780s a German critic lamented, "Alas, Eichner is dead and I am searching desperately for excellent symphonies". The search presumably ended with the rise of Haydn and Mozart, phenomenons that put many lesser classical composers into the shade. Eichner was largely forgotten during the Romantic era and it was not until the late 20th Century that significant interest in his music was revived. He produced 31 symphonies, all but one of which (No. 13) survive, 20 concertos for various instruments, including the still-popular Concerto for Harp in D Major (1771), and a number of smaller works. The gentle emotional qualities of Eichner's melodies that inspired Schubart's remark sugar-coated an independent creative spirit. He thumbed his nose at the four-movement Mannheim-type symphony while he was there, writing his in three movements; in his chamber music he used only two. As a bassoonist he was naturally attracted to darker sonorities - his six string quartets (1777) replaced the traditional second violin with a doublebass. He also experimented with musical effects, imitating birdsong in his slow movements nearly 40 years before Beethoven did in his "Pastoral Symphony". A fair selection of Eichner's output has been recorded. (bio by: Bobb Edwards) 
Friedhof vor dem Nauener Tor (Defunct)
Potsdamer Stadtkreis
Brandenburg, Germany
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Bobb Edwards
Record added: Mar 24, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 87313192

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