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Jacob Schneider
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Birth: Jun. 1, 1725
Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Death: Sep. 17, 1778
Frederick County
Maryland, USA

Jacob Schneider was also known as Johann Jacob Schneider, and the spelling of his last name became Snider by the time of his death.

Married: 1757 to Mary Magdalena Bissinger at the Graceham Moravian Church in Frederick Co., Maryland. She was b. 15 Mar 1731, Ensweingen, Wuertemberg Germany; she was christened 26 March at Evangelisch Enzweihingen Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg, Germany; d. 13 Feb 1810, burial 15 Feb. She was the daughter of Michael Bissinger (Beisinger ?) and Anna Marie Mayer, married in a religious and civil ceremony on 9 May 1725 in Evangelisch Enzweihingen, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg, Germany.
Mary came to America about 1750 when she was 21 years old.

The marriage is reported in "Maryland Marriages 1634 - 1777" by Robert Barnes (1975). Maria is the only Bissinger named in the source. It would seem she was already pregnant with her daughter Maria at the time if the dates for wedding and birth are accurate. The couple moved from Maryland to York, Pa. by the time of the birth.
How they met is unclear since Jacob seems to have lived in Pennsylvania before the wedding. One might speculate that he was looking for a wife who was of the Brethren sect and found Maria in Maryland, but they returned to York where Jacob had his farm and continued to attend the Lutheran services there since it was a similar faith and the closest to his home.

Maria Elizabeth (b. 11 June 1757 York Township, York Co., Pa.; baptized 13 July 13 at Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church);

John (b. 21 July 1758, York Twp., baptized 13 Aug. Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church);

Magdelen (b. 30 Sept. 1761, York Twp., baptized 1 Nov. Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church);

Jacob Frederick (b. 13 March 1763 York Twp., baptized 10 April Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church);

Christian (b. April 1764, Pa ?, d. 5 Oct. 1772, buried Oct. 7 Graceham Moravian Churchyard, Fredrick Co. MD);

Abraham (b. May 1765, Pa ?);

Daniel (b. Sept 1766, Pa ?);

Christina (b. 1767 ?, Pa. ?);

Lodewick/Ludwig/Lewis (his birth record seems to be the one that occurred on 23 Nov 1768, Md., baptized 12 March 1769 at the Reform Church, Hagerstown, Washington Co., Maryland. The actual record states parents were Jacob and Catharina Schneider, but it is likely he, and the mistake in name could have occurred in transcription – see Ludwig's link below);

Ann Mary (b. 6 pm., 1. Nov. 1772 baptized 8 Nov. at Graceham Moravian Church, Frederick Co., Md.);

Anna Rosina (b. 8 pm. 24 Aug., d. 12 Sept., buried 13 Sept. Graceham Moravian Churchyard);

Barbara (b. 25 May 1777, baptized 7 June Graceham Moravian Church, married John Lucas Flack, Jr; their son was named Lewis Snyder Flack, evidently honoring her brother).

Jacob was born in 1725 and sailed to America in 1751 aboard the "Neptune" according to records of the Graceham Moravian Church. Johan Jacob Schneider is indeed named on the Neptune's list of 144 passengers who took the oath of allegiance at the Philadelphia courthouse on Tuesday, 24 September, 1751. The ship was captained by John Mason and sailed from Rotterdam with a stop at Cows, England before making the Atlantic crossing. Jacob signed his name so he was at least literate to that degree, but 43 signed an X, +, O, or Z beside their names written for them, and others did not make any mark in the space made for them beside their names. There were no other Schneiders named on the list.

Researchers have been confused by the other Jacob Schnieders who also arrived at Philadelphia about this time. One source states that a Jacob Schneider sailed with his brother Michael Schneider in 1751 aboard the ship "Shirley" captained by James Allen and they came by way of Rotterdam to the Orkneys of Scotland and finally arrived in Philadelphia. There are two Jacob Schneiders on board the "Phoenix" also captained by James Allen that arrived about 15 September 1749. On board the "Fane" were Jacob Schneider senior and junior along with a Johan Jacob Schneider who arrived about 17 Oct. 1749. On 29 Sept. 1750 the ship "Osgood" arrived with a Jacob Schneider. So the picture is complicated by all these men, but the church records help identify our Jacob's emigration on the Neptune.

Jacob settled first in York Co., Pa., and it seems he was the Jacob Schneider who became naturalized 10 April 1760 at York Township, Pa., and he took the sacrament 22 March 1761. He paid taxes in Hellam Twp. just east of York Twp. on the Susquehanna River and his elder children were baptized in York Twp, Pa.

Of Michael Schneider, Jacob's brother named as administrator of his estate, little is known, but some researchers state he also married a woman named Magdalen. Jacob and wife converted to the Moravian faith, while Michael and his wife remained Lutheran.

A George Michael Schneider who could be Jacob's brother "Michael" is also found in Frederick Co. Md., but for a marriage to a Judith Unsel on 29 Nov. 1757 at the First German Evangelical Reformed Church. This the same year as Jacob married and the same county but a different church. Further research might reveal if Michael married twice.

Eventually Jacob and Mary relocated southwest just over the Pennsylvania colony's border in Maryland by 1768. If Ludwig's birth place is correct, at first the family was in Washington Co., but then moved to the area of Catoctin Mountain in Frederick Co., Md. where they lived by 1772 and their younger children were born. They attended the Graceham Moravian Church which is still located east of Thurmont Township.

Some of Jacob's descendants believed he served in the Revolution, but this seems to be a confusion with his son John. This piece of information comes form "The History of Harrison County, Iowa" (1891) which has a biography of Jacob's great-grandson Rev. Lewis S. Snyder, a bishop of the German Baptist Brethren Church, in Brooklyn, Poweshiek County, Iowa. He was born in Connellsville, Fayette County, Pa. on 20 October 1821 to John Snyder and Elizabeth Shaffer. It states that Lewis's great-grandfather was born in Germany and that his uncle Jacob Snyder served in the Revolution.

This information is a bit confused. Lewis' father John seems to be the son of Ludwig, and in that case the information is accurate for the great grandfather Jacob Snyder who indeed was born in Germany. However, all of Lewis' uncles were born after the Revolution was fought, so that piece of information is not accurate. However, the reference might be to Lewis' granduncle Jacob, Jr., the brother of his grandfather Ludwig, who was born in 1763. If he enlisted at age 15 or 16 in the last years of the war, 1782 or 83, he could be the one the text concerns.

We do know that John, the son of Jacob, Sr., did serve in the Revolution, so that might be the grand "uncle" that Lewis refers to in his biography. According to one researcher who notes the pacifist religious beliefs of Jacob's sect, "At the time of the American Revolution, Jacob Sr. was a confirmed member of the Brethern and therefore it is unlikely that he enlisted in the military or was required to fight in the revolution. Indeed, in 1775 Jacob Sr. and his eldest living son, John were ordered by the Middle District Committee of Observation to serve in the militia. Both were fined as non-enrollers, but Jacob's fine was halved whereas John was ordered to pay the fine and to enlist in the military. DAR and Maryland records show that John served in the German Regiment and, at the close of the war, he received about 10 acres of land confiscated from Monocacy Manor. John later move to Virginia and sold this land to Jacob Creamer. There is no evidence that Jacob Sr. served in the war."

So it seems Lewis' biography retains the family memory of Revolutionary service, but there was confusion over which relative it was. The family was proud enough of this Snyder service in the war to tell it to the publishers of the text in 1891, more than 100 years after the fact.

When Jacob Snider died without a will in 1778, his brother Michael was named administrator in the probate records dated 14 March 1780 in Frederick County, Maryland. The 949.7.10 ½ (pounds, shillings and pence) of the estate was divided by the court: 1/3 to widow; remainder amongst the ten children - John, Jacob, Abraham, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Daniel, Christiana, Lodewick, Ann Mary and Barbara. If Maria Magdelina Snider did not remarry, it is possible that she was living with one of her children. In the 1800 census Maria's widowed daughter Christiana Collendine had a woman born prior to 1755 living in Emmitsburg with her and her two young children, and this could be her mother.

Following the death of Jacob, three of his sons were made apprentices in 1780; Ludwick and Daniel were both bound to two tradesman of the Hauber family. Ludwick was contracted to the shoe maker Peter Hauber in Frederick Co., Md. He was 11 at the time, and a live-in worker until September 1789. Abraham was bound to Peter Burkhardt as a miller apprentice. On April 19, 1786 Peter Burkhart placed an ad in the Maryland newspaper MCM: "Peter Burkhart, Hagerstown, offers reward for apprentice lad named Abraham Snyder, he ran away last spring and was in Virginia till I removed from Owing's Creek, to this town." The life of an apprentice must have been very difficult for some. See the link below for the biography of Ludwick.
Family links: 
  Maria Mary Magdalena Bissinger Schneider (1731 - 1810)*
  Ludwick Snyder (1768 - 1849)*
*Calculated relationship
Graceham Cemetery
Frederick County
Maryland, USA
Created by: Steven Showers
Record added: Feb 24, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 85655630
Jacob Schneider
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Added by: The Guardian
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- Lanell Rabner
 Added: Feb. 3, 2013

- Tina
 Added: Dec. 29, 2012

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