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John Stuart Mill
Birth: May 20, 1806
Greater London, England
Death: May 8, 1873
Departement du Vaucluse
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

Philosopher. One of the greatest exponents of utilitarian ethics, free market economics, and expanded democracy. His father, an executive with the India House where Mill would later work, drilled him from on early age in a broad range of academic disciplines, including the study of Greek at the age of three. In his early twenties, this rigorous schooling produced a backlash, and Mill sank into depression. He emerged from these doldrums, however, through a renewed appreciation of poetry and ethics, as well as with the help of his frequent collaborator (and, later, wife), Harriet Taylor. Mill's work was diverse and influential. His governing principle was informed by Jeremy Bentham's philosophy of Utilitarianism. In Mill's own words: "Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness." Mill elaborated on these ideas with his treatise "Utilitarianism" (1863). Perhaps the most controversial aspect of his ethics was his assertion that ethics were not natural, and that what is usually considered criminal activity is actually very much in keeping with the workings of the animal kingdom. Ethical behavior, then, is a constructed way of life designed to produce the greatest good for the greatest number, not just for the strongest members of society. His best known economic work, "The Principles of Political Economy" (1848) followed the "hands-off" viewpoint of Adam Smith in most ways, stressing the need for free and open markets, but also offered some criticism of Smith's "laissez-faire". This text would be the most influential work on economics of the era, and in many ways anticipates the "game theory" school of the twentieth century. Though Mill would also achieve standing as a critic of literature and art, he was probably best known for his essay "On Liberty" (1859), which called for voting rights and personal liberty for all people, regardless of class or gender, and stressed the need for universal education to ensure a strong, informed electorate; Mill would elaborate on his views of gender equality in "The Subjection of Women" (1869). In 1865, Mill was elected to the British Parliament, where he worked for women's sufferage and land reform in Ireland. He was largely unsuccessful as a member of parliament, however, and he retired from politics in 1868. (bio by: Stuthehistoryguy) 
Family links: 
  Harriet Hardy Taylor Mill (1807 - 1858)
Cimetiere de St. Véran
Departement du Vaucluse
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Stuthehistoryguy
Record added: Mar 19, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8534586
John Stuart Mill
Added by: Stuthehistoryguy
John Stuart Mill
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John Stuart Mill
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