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 • Riddarholmen
 • Stockholms kommun
 • Stockholms län
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Carl XIII
Original name:  Karl
Birth: Oct. 7, 1748
Death: Feb. 5, 1818

Swedish Monarch. King of Sweden and Norway. Born the second son of King Adolph Frederick and Louise Ulrica. In 1772, upon his brother's ascension to the throne, he assisted with the strike against the Riksdag and was created Duke of Sudermania (Södermanland). During the Russo-Swedish War of 1788 he served as admiral of the fleet, distinguishing himself at the battles of Hogland in 1788 and Öland in 1789. In 1792, after the assassination of his brother, Gustav III, he became regent for his nephew, 13 year old Gustav IV Adolph. When the king came of age, in 1798 the regent retired. Gustav Adolph's unsuccessful policy during the Napoleonic Wars resulted in his deposition in March 1809, and Carl was easily persuaded to succeed. He had been generally suspected of complicity, or at least of advance knowledge of his charismatic brother's murder 17 years before. The prematurely aged Carl accepted a new constitution that limited the monarch's power, and he signed treaties with Denmark, France, and the momentous treaty ceding Finland, which had been almost half of his kingdom for over 600 years, to Russia. The Riksdag provided for the childless king's succession by naming as Crown Prince his distant Oldenburg cousin, Duke Christian August, but that heir died in 1810. After this event and a new election, the king adopted one of Napoleon's marshals, Prince Jean Baptiste Jules (Bernadotte) of Ponte-Corvo, to succeed him, leaving the government in his hands. In 1814, a new Union of Sweden and Norway made Carl king of Norway as Carl II. He ruled eight years in name only and upon his death he was succeeded by Bernadotte who took the name King Carl XIV John.

 (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   Adolph Frederick (1710 - 1771)
   Louise Ulrica (1720 - 1782)
 
 Siblings:
   Gustav III (1746 - 1792)*
   Carl XIII (1748 - 1818)
   Frederick Adolph of Sweden (1750 - 1803)*
   Sophia Albertina of Sweden-Norway (1753 - 1829)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church)
Riddarholmen
Stockholms kommun
Stockholms län, Sweden
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: K
Record added: Mar 14, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8509107
Carl XIII
Added by: Kelly Whyte
 
Carl XIII
Added by: J T Demitz
 
Carl XIII
Cemetery Photo
Added by: J T Demitz
 
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