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Gustav IV Adolph
Original name:  Gustaf Adolf
Birth: Nov. 1, 1778
Death: Feb. 7, 1837

Swedish Monarch. Born the son of Gustav III, he came to the throne in 1792 after his father's assassination. During the five years of his minority, Sweden was under the control of regents. Soon after gaining his majority in 1797 Gustav married Frederica, daughter of Carl Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden, after having rejected a granddaughter of Russia's Catherine II for her Eastern Orthodoxy. In 1805 Gustav Adolph brought Sweden into the European coalition against Napoleon. When Russia became allied with France through the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807, Czar Alexander I tried unsuccessfully to persuade the Swedish king to join the Continental System against Great Britain. In 1807, Denmark-Norway declared war on Sweden, isolating the nation. Gustav Adolph rebuffed all overtures from Russia for an alliance and in 1808 Russia attacked. The brief war which followed resulted in the surrender of Finland to Russia. A conspiracy among officers of the army, determined to depose the king came to a head on March 13, 1809 when seven conspirators broke into the royal apartments in the palace and seized the king confining him to Gripsholm Castle. The king's uncle and former regent, Carl, Duke of Södermanland, was persuaded to accept the leadership of a provisional government in his nephew's place. Hoping to save the crown for his son, Gustav Adolph voluntarily abdicated; but the Riksdag declared that he and his immediate family were barred from the throne. In June, Södermanland was proclaimed King Carl XIII. In December the deposed ex-king and his family were exiled to Germany. Eventually the former monarch divorced his wife and settled in Switzerland under the alias, Colonel Gustavson. At the age of fifty-eight, he succumbed to a stroke. Oscar II of Sweden allowed his body to be brought home and it was interred in the Riddarholm Church. (bio by: Iola) 
Family links: 
   Gustav III (1746 - 1792)
   Sophia Magdalene (1746 - 1813)
   Frederica of Sweden (1781 - 1826)
   Gustav of Sweden (1799 - 1877)*
  Sophie von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1801 - 1865)*
   Carl Gustav of Sweden (1802 - 1805)*
   Amalia of Sweden (1805 - 1853)*
   Cecilia of Oldenburg (1807 - 1844)*
   Gustav IV Adolph (1778 - 1837)
   Carl Gustav of Sweden (1782 - 1783)*
*Calculated relationship
Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church)
Stockholms kommun
Stockholms län, Sweden
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: K
Record added: Mar 14, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8509096
Gustav IV Adolph
Added by: J T Demitz
Gustav IV Adolph
Added by: J T Demitz
Gustav IV Adolph
Cemetery Photo
Added by: J T Demitz
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