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 • Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church)
 • Riddarholmen
 • Stockholms kommun
 • Stockholms län
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Carl X Gustav
Original name:  Karl Gustaf of the Palatinate
Birth: Nov. 8, 1622
Death: Feb. 13, 1660

Swedish Monarch. Born at Nyköping Castle, the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg (Pfalz), and Princess Catherine of Sweden. He served in the army fighting in Germany under Lennart Torstenson during the Thirty Years' War. He returned to Sweden in 1645, and made a failed attempt to secure an engagement to his cousin, Queen Christina. The Queen Regnant then appointed him commander of the Swedish forces in Germany in 1648. Within a year she named him her successor. Queen Christina abdicated in his favor on June 5, 1654. He contracted a marriage of alliance with Hedwig Eleanor of Holstein-Gottorp with whom he had one son. In July 1655, he left Sweden to make war on Poland during the five year long Second Northern War. The conflict eventually drew in Russia and the Holy Roman Empire, Brandenburg, Denmark, and the Netherlands. Stalled in Poland, Carl Gustav attacked Denmark in 1657 and conquered Jutland. The Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 saw Denmark cede all its holdings in southern Sweden, Trondheim in Norway, and the island of Bornholm. His military campaigns faltered without reliable allies and in 1659 the Swedish Parliament was called upion to deal with the situation. The king died suddenly in Gothenburg while the Riksdagen was still in session. He was succeeded by his four-year-old son Carl XI. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   John Casimir of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1589 - 1652)
   Catherine of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1584 - 1638)
 
 Spouse:
   Hedwig Eleanor (1636 - 1715)
 
 Siblings:
  Christina Magdalene of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1616 - 1662)*
   Carl X Gustav (1622 - 1660)
  Maria Euphrosyne of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1625 - 1687)*
  Eleonore Katharina of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1626 - 1692)*
   Adolph John of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1629 - 1689)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church)
Riddarholmen
Stockholms kommun
Stockholms län, Sweden
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: K
Record added: Mar 14, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8508990
Carl X Gustav
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
Carl X Gustav
Added by: J T Demitz
 
Carl X Gustav
Cemetery Photo
Added by: J T Demitz
 
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- R I P
 Added: Nov. 8, 2014

- Scotvik
 Added: Feb. 13, 2014

- Ryan D. Curtis
 Added: Dec. 5, 2013
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