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John III
Original name:  Johan III
Birth: Dec. 23, 1537
Death: Nov. 17, 1592

Swedish Monarch. Born at Stegeborg Castle, the second son King Gustav I and Margaret Lejonhufvud. He was created Duke of Finland in 1556 and pursued a foreign policy independent of the crown. He went to England for an extended stay to propose a marriage to Elizabeth I for his half brother, but was unsuccessful. After their father's death and his brother's ascension, he came into conflict with Erik XIV largely due to his unauthorized, politically potent marriage to Catherine of Poland, the daughter of Sigismund I. The couple had one son. The king limited his brother's authority and imprisoned him in 1563. Released after five years, Johan joined a younger brother, Karl, in a coup and deposed Erik as King of Sweden in 1568. He successfully concluded the Scandinavian Seven Years War in 1570. A theologian, he believed in the possibility of a synthesis of Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism and introduced a liturgy of his own in 1577. Four years after his wife's death, in 1587, his son, Sigismund was elected to the Polish throne upon the death of his grandfather. Johan remarried to Gunnila Bjelke, and produced another son. He died three years later at the age of 54. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
   Catherine (1526 - 1583)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Uppsala Domkyrka (Cathedral of Uppsala)
Uppsala
Uppsala kommun
Uppsala län, Sweden
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: K
Record added: Mar 14, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8508868
John III
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
John III
Added by: J T Demitz
 
John III
Added by: J T Demitz
 
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- Åke Frisk
 Added: Dec. 23, 2013

- Scotvik
 Added: Nov. 17, 2013

- Scotvik
 Added: Dec. 23, 2012
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