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 • Stadtkirche St. Marien
 • Celle
 • Celler Landkreis
 • Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)
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Eleonore Desmier d' Olbreuse
Birth: Jan. 3, 1639
Death: Feb. 5, 1722

Duchess of Celle. Daughter of Alexandre Desmier and Jacquette Poussard of Vandré. She was born in Poitou, France into a french Huguenot family. She became lady-in-waiting for the Duchess of Thouars and traveled to Kassel where the Duchess son was about to marry. There she met two brothers Georg Wilhelm and Johann Friedrich. Both fell in love with her, but Eleonore was reluctant to commit to one of them. Being a mistress was unthinkable for her. In 1658 Georg Wilhelm had signed a contract in which his brothers, Ernst August and Sophies children became his heirs in case he had no legitimate children and in which he declared that he would never marry. He didn't want to marry Sophie and with this contract he convinced his brother to take his duty. The Duchess of Thouar died in 1665 and Sophie of Hanover invited her to become her lady-in-waiting. A few month later Georg and she entered a 'marriage of conscience'. Before the world she was his mistress, but the two saw themselves as married. In 1666 she gave birth to Sophie Dorothea which was a shock for Sophie, because she believed Georg to be infertile. She had agreed to Eleonores presence only as a distraction for Georg, but now his future children became as a thread for her sons claim to the inheritance. Eleonore was created Reichsgräfin by Emperor Leopold I. which legitimated Sophie Dorothea and the marriage. In April 1676 Georg and she were married in a church ceremony and she became Duchess of Celle. Her daughter was married to her first cousin, a marriage that ended with Sophie Dorotheas imprisonment in the Castle of Ahlden. Eleonore fought the rest of her life for her daughters release. She wrote Louis XIV., Queen Anne and Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia without success. She wrote her daughter every day and later visited her, too. She supported many Huguenot families that had to flee from France after the Edict of Nantes was abolished. She died nearly blind in the Castle of Celle and mentioned 342 persons in her will. (bio by: Lutetia) 
Stadtkirche St. Marien
Celler Landkreis
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Lutetia
Record added: Mar 06, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8476411
Eleonore Desmier d' Olbreuse
Added by: quebecoise
Eleonore Desmier d' Olbreuse
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Added by: Frank K.
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