Thirty-two days after receiving their uniforms and Springfield rifles, the 125th Pennsylvania Volunteers, recruited in Blair, Cambria and Huntindgon Counties, fought at the Battle of Antietam. After charging through the East Woods and southward along the Smokeown Road, the Regiment reached an overextended and unsupported position in the West Woods. While in formation beyond the Dunker Church, the Regiment received most of its 229 casualties (33% of engaged) within 20 minutes but retreated with its colors intact.
Including Pvt Cunningham, twenty of the Regiment's 54 mortally-wounded are virtual unknowns. The families of a few of the twenty may have possessed the means to return them to Central Pennsylvania, and proper burial locations may yet be identified. Others lay among the unknowns in the Antietam National Cemetery, but the location of the remainder is known only to God. At the present time, this entry at www.findagrave.com is this Private's only perpetual memorial.