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John Robert Fox
Birth: May 18, 1915
Death: Dec. 26, 1944

World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served in the United States Army during World War II as a 1st Lieutenant in Company C, 366th Infantry Regiment, 92nd Infantry Division. He was awarded the CMOH for his bravery in action on December 26, 1944 at Sommocolonia, Italy. His citation reads "For extraordinary heroism against an armed enemy. During the preceding few weeks, Lieutenant Fox served with the 598th Field Artillery Battalion as a forward observer. On Christmas night, enemy soldiers gradually infiltrated the town of Sommocolonia in civilian clothes, and by early morning the town was largely in hostile hands. Commencing with a heavy barrage of enemy artillery at 0400 hours on 26 December 1944, an organized attack by uniformed German units began. Being greatly outnumbered, most of the United States Infantry forces were forced to withdraw from the town, but Lieutenant Fox and some other members of his observer party voluntarily remained on the second floor of a house to direct defensive artillery fire. At 0800 hours, Lieutenant Fox reported that the Germans were in the streets and attacking in strength. He then called for defensive artillery fire to slow the enemy advance. As the Germans continued to press the attack towards the area that Lieutenant Fox occupied, he adjusted the artillery fire closer to his position. Finally he was warned that the next adjustment would bring the deadly artillery right on top of his position. After acknowledging the danger, Lieutenant Fox insisted that the last adjustment be fired as this was the only way to defeat the attacking soldiers. Later, when a counterattack retook the position from the Germans, Lieutenant Fox's body was found with the bodies of approximately 100 German soldiers. Lieutenant Fox's gallant and courageous actions, at the supreme sacrifice of his own life, contributed greatly to delaying the enemy advance until other infantry and artillery units could reorganize to repel the attack. His extraordinary valorous actions were in keeping with the most cherished traditions of military service, and reflect the utmost credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army". He had been posthumously award the Distinguished Service Medal, but in the early 1990s it was determined that African-American soldiers were denied consideration for the Medal of Honor solely due to their race. After a review, seven African-American soldiers had their Medals upgraded in January, 1997 to the CMOH; Lieutenant Fox being one of the seven. After the war the citizens of Sommocolonia, Italy erected a monument to nine men who were killed during the artillery barrage - eight Italian soldiers, and Lieutenant Fox. (bio by: Russ Dodge) 
 
Burial:
Colebrook Cemetery
Whitman
Plymouth County
Massachusetts, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Don Morfe
Record added: Dec 23, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8202780
John Robert Fox
Added by: Gary Holcomb, Sr.
 
John Robert Fox
Added by: Don Morfe
 
John Robert Fox
Added by: Don Morfe
 
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- sjm
 Added: Dec. 26, 2014

- elaine bailey
 Added: Dec. 26, 2014

- D.C.
 Added: Dec. 26, 2014
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