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John Lanier
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Birth: 1499, France
Death: Nov. 25, 1572
Greater London, England

John Lanier was from Rouen, Upper-Normandy, France before emigrating to England, where he lived on Hart Street, in St. Olave Parish, London.


So far as written records show, the family is of French descent, and is from the province of Gascony in southern France; however, older records show a Tuscany family in northern Italy of the same name, and several genealogists claim that the family moved from Tuscany to Gascony after the Crusades.

The records of the Huguenot Society of London show a John Lanye living in County Surry in 1547; a record of 1 July 1544 gives a John Lanye, laborer, born Normandy, age 50 years, in England 30 years, married an English woman, six children; and a Nicholas Laneares in London in 1550, a denizen.

John Lanyer, a musician, arrived in London in 1561 with his wife Joan, and two children; and Nicholas Lanier arrived from Paris in 1561. Both were musicians to the Queen.

The Laniers were Protestants who left France to escape the early persecutions. Protestantism began in 1555 [the birth year Lancelot Andrews, who's brother Nicholas' descendants married into the Lanier family] and the height of the persecutions was reached in the massacre of St. Bartholomew on the eve of August 24, 1572. It was in 1560 that the conspiracy began. One party hoped to enrich themselves by the estates of the heretics who were executed, or banished. The other party hoped to gain the favor of the masses by punishing the Protestants. The estates of those who fled were sold, their children who remained behind were exposed to the greatest sufferings. France lost thousands of useful and rich inhabitants whose industry, wealth, and skills found a welcome reception in foreign countries. To prevent the emigration of the Protestants, the frontiers were guarded with the utmost vigilance; yet more than 500,000 fled to England, Holland, Switzerland, and Germany.

The Laniers were Huguenots to London, and are well recorded in the books of the Huguenot Society of London, but could not be called Huguenots to America, having been naturalized Englishmen for three generations. However, their descendants are eligible to join the Huguenot Society.

There were two Laniers who fled France at the same time, in 1561, both settling in the Parish of St. Olave in London. They are John and Nicholas. It is possible they were brothers or cousins. Nicholas is the Lanier we are directly related to.

JOHN LANYER, who died November 29, 1577, was referred to in 1577 as a Frenchman, and a musician, a native of Rouen, France, and an owner of property in Crutched Friars in the Parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, London.

On the 18th day of January 1576/77, administration of the goods of John Lanier, late of the Parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, city of London, deceased, was granted to Barbara Laniere, alias Nivelet, wife of Cardinus Nyvelet, his natural and lawful daughter, in person of her said husband. A marginal note said that "John Laniere had not any goods belonging to him in the hands of the Administratix." The following item will explain the above: "This house, 1575, Sept. 4 burst out in a terrible fire and was consumed to the stone walls."

His widow, Jane Laniere, married second, James Marcadye. There was an Inquisition dated April 18, 1577, concerning his property, in which she was named with two Lanier daughters, Mary, and Celia Brun. Two other Lanier daughters and a son were born after their arrival in London, and all died as infants; their burials are recorded in St. Olaves Parish Register.

John's son, Nicholas Lanier 1544 - 1611:

In 1561 the Earl of Hertford was visiting in Paris, and met there, young Nicholas Laniere, who had been in the Court of the late King Henry II; he was recommended as a good flute player and also the cornet. He was considered to be sober, honest, and born at Rouen. He was engaged to serve as messenger and a replacement for Peter Guillaume, one of the Queen's flute players lately dead. Confirmation of his services under Henry II is to be found in the lists of "chantres et autres Jouers d'instruments" of the French King's Chambers, which include Nicholas Lasnier for the years of 1559 and 1560. (Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Supplement 1962, p. 255), Nicholas Lanier moved to East Greenwich, County Kent, where he was one of the musicians to the Court until his death about 1612. He was a very wealthy man, having extensive holdings in Blackheath, and the surrounding country; this section was south of the Thames and about five miles east of the London Bridge. One of the many palaces was here, the Royal Hospital, and many other buildings of early importance. In early 1700 an old house was taken down; it was described as being fitted up for a theater, probably by the Laniers who were musicians and dramatists. Nicholas Lanier, who was in the Court of King Henry II of France, and also the Court of Queen Elizabeth and King James of England, was the founder of the Lanier family of musicians and the ancestor of the American Laniers. He married before 1566, Lucreece Bassano, perhaps the daughter of one of the Italian musicians in the Royal Orchestra. They had six sons, all of whom were musicians to the Queen and Kings; there were also four daughters and eight or more grandsons who became members of the Royal Orchestra, making three generations serving the Royal family.

In 1604 Nicholas Lanier, Sr. was named "Musician of the Flutes" and after his death his son Andrea succeeded him "for life".

The will of Nicholas Lanier Gent. was dated January 28, 1611/12, and proved July 1612, Rochester XIX, folia 514. "To Lucreece my wife, all my lands, and goods; to sons John, Alphonse, Innocent, Jerome, Clement, 12 shillings; to Andrea 20 pounds if he does not have my place; my four daughters, three of whom are unmarried, I leave to the discretion of my wife Lucreece, my sole executrix."
(LANIER by Louise Ingersoll)


1 Nicolas Lanier 1544 - 1610/1611
+ Lucreece Bassano bef. 1565
2 Jerome Lanier-instrumentalist for Elizabeth I and James I.
2 Alphonse Lanier
+Emilia Bassano
2 John Lanier - lifetime of service as court musician to Elizabeth I and James I. Nicholas Lanier, the Younger, son of John, was a great musician, composer, artist; he was Master of the King's Music for Charles I. Other sons, Mark Antony Lanier and John Lanier were musicians.
2 Innocent Lanier-musician, Gentleman of the King's Chamber
2 Clement Lanier- musician on the recorder
+Hannah Collett 1653-
3 Lionel Lanier
3 Nicholas Lanier
3 William Lanier
3 Lucretia Lanier
3 Charles Lanier
3 Frances Lanier
3 Susanna Lanier
3 Elizabeth Lanier
3 Hannah Lanier Abt 1629 -
3 John Lanier 1631 - Abt 1719
+Lucreece ???

There is the hypothesis that the John Lanier who married Lucreece is the same John Lanier who was the husband of Miss Sampson and Sarah Edmunds. This would have meant that he lived to the age of eighty-eight years in a rather harsh and primitive environment. Additionally, there are no records confirming the existence of the second John as the Court House which may have housed such records was destroyed by fire. For purposes of this report, it will be considered that John the Imigrant had a son, John, who married Miss Sampson and Sarah Edmunds.

4 John Lanier, Jr.(II) 1655
+Katherine Sampson
+Sarah Edmunds
3 Robert Lanier abt 1642-
+ Rebecca ??? abt 1639-
2 Andrea Lanier-flutist and teacher of musicians, succeeded his father as Master of the Flutes for Life. Son Thomas Lanier was a musician.


 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Nicholas Lanier (1479 - 1565)
 
 Children:
  Nicholas Lanier (1544 - 1610)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
St Olave Hart Street Churchyard
London
City of London
Greater London, England
 
Created by: Susan Sullivan and John ...
Record added: Oct 28, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 79414428
John Lanier
Cemetery Photo
Added by: julia&keld
 
 
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