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Arrigo Boito
Birth: Feb. 24, 1842
Padua
Provincia di Padova
Veneto, Italy
Death: Jun. 10, 1918
Milan
Provincia di Milano
Lombardia, Italy

Composer, Librettist, Critic. He is remembered today for his opera "Mefistofele" and his collaborations with composer Giuseppe Verdi. Boito was born in Padua, Italy, of Italian-Polish descent. His early musical gifts enabled him to attend the Milan Conservatory on a scholarship and later to study abroad, during which he was introduced to Verdi in Paris. Moving to Milan in 1862, he was a member of the controversial Scapigliatura literary movement and penned sardonic verse condemning Italy's contemporary cultural scene. "Mefistofele", an adaptation of the Faust legend for which Boito wrote both text and music, was a fiasco at its 1868 La Scala premiere, but the revised 1875 version scored a hit and it is still in the operatic repertory. Its "Prologue in Heaven" is often performed as a separate concert piece. His first collaboration with Verdi was writing the poem for the cantata "Inno delle Nazioni" (1862), but relations cooled when the elder composer took offense at some of Boito's iconoclastic Scapigliatura writings. Music publisher Giulio Ricordi healed the breach by commissioning Boito to rewrite the libretto of Verdi's 1857 opera "Simon Boccanegra" for an 1881 revival; its success marked the beginning of a close friendship between the two artists. The librettos Boito wrote for Verdi's last two operas, "Otello" (1887) and "Falstaff" (1893), are among the finest in the genre, notable for their fidelity to Shakespeare, dramatic effectiveness, and the polished musicality of their language. He also penned the text for Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" (1876), using the pseudonym Tobia Gorrio (an anagram of his name). From 1889 to 1897 Boito was director of the Parma Conservatory and afterwards was active as a novelist and critic, but he produced little music after "Mefistofele". He is said to have destroyed the manuscript of a completed opera, "Ero e Leandro", and worked sporadically on his ambitious music drama "Nerone" between 1877 and 1915, but left only sketches of the last act. This was completed by others after Boito's death and "Nerone" was premiered by Toscanini in 1924. (bio by: Bobb Edwards) 
 
Burial:
Cimitero Monumentale di Milano
Milan
Provincia di Milano
Lombardia, Italy
Plot: Corridor B/G. Familiar Grave
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: José L Bernabé Tronchoni
Record added: Sep 11, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7861971
Arrigo Boito
Added by: Bobb Edwards
 
Arrigo Boito
Added by: Rogério Monteiro
 
Arrigo Boito
Added by: Rogério Monteiro
 
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- Ryan Curtis
 Added: Sep. 8, 2014
A Happy Birthday for a great composer
- David Wend
 Added: Feb. 24, 2014

- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Feb. 10, 2014
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