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 • Chillicothe
 • Ross County
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William Allen
Birth: Dec. 27, 1803
Death: Jul. 11, 1879

Governor of Ohio, U.S. Senator, U.S. Congressman, Lawyer. Born in Edenton, Chowan County, North Carolina, he was orphaned as a young child and moved in with his older sister at Lynchburg, Virginia. He attended private schools and moved to Chillicothe, Ohio in 1819 to attend the Chillicothe Academy. He studied law under Colonel Edward King and was admitted to the bar in 1827. He commenced to practice as an attorney in Chillicothe and became a skilled orator as a debater and public speaker. Elected as a Jacksonian to represent Ohio's 7th District in the United States House of Representatives, he served from 1833 to 1835. Allen was unsuccessful as a candidate for reelection in 1834 and resumed his legal profession in Chillicothe. He was elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat in 1836, was reelected in 1843, and served from 1837 to 1849. As Senator, he became Chairman for the Committee on Foreign Relations and was an advocate of Western expansion. He stirred political debate in the House and earned the nickname of "Earthquake Allen." He is credited with originating the slogan "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight" referring to the annexation of the Oregon Territory. He was unsuccessful for reelection in 1849, returned to Chillicothe and was engaged in agricultural pursuits at his farm, "Fruit Hill." During the Civil War, he was a vocal critic of President Abraham Lincoln as a Peace Democrat and was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1864. Allen was elected as Ohio's 31st Governor when he was 70 years old and served from 1874 to 1876. As Governor, he was an advocate of the unpopular Greenback Movement and threatened the use of Ohio Militia to quell rampant labor disputes and disturbances. He was unsuccessful as a candidate for reelection in 1875 and retired to his farm. He died at his residence in 1879 when he was 75 years old. A statue of him stands in the National Statuary Hall at the U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C. Allen County, Kansas is named for him. His father, Nathaniel Allen, was a Colonel for the United States during the Revolutionary War and a member of North Carolina's Convention to ratify the U.S. Constitution. (bio by: K Guy) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Effie McArthur Allen (1804 - 1847)*
 
 Children:
  Effie Allen Scott (1846 - 1916)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Grandview Cemetery
Chillicothe
Ross County
Ohio, USA
Plot: section 5
GPS (lat/lon): 39.32323, -82.99965
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Dec 12, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 7556
William Allen
Added by: Garver Graver
 
William Allen
Added by: Thomas Bumgardner
 
William Allen
Added by: TB
 
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- Åke Frisk
 Added: Dec. 27, 2013

- Jackie Howard
 Added: Dec. 27, 2013

- Jackie Howard
 Added: Dec. 27, 2011
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