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King Louis, XIV
Birth: Sep. 5, 1638
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Departement des Yvelines
Île-de-France, France
Death: Sep. 1, 1715
Versailles
Departement des Yvelines
Île-de-France, France

French King. The longest-reigning monarch in European history, Louis ascended the throne at the age of four with his mother, Anne of Austria, acting as regent and her advisor, Cardinal Mazarin, serving as first minister. While still a child, Louis saw his reign threatened by a series of rebellions collectively called "The Fronde." While these rebellions were unsuccessful, they impressed upon Louis the need for a strong central government and a weak nobility. Accordingly, he did not appoint a first minister after Mazarin's death. Louis' strategy would be a personal, absolutist rule, typified by his famous statement "I am the state (L'etat, c'est moi)." He systematically humbled the great nobles, appointing newly enobled subjects with fewer hereditary claims to important positions. Further, he took steps to eliminate the autonomous Protestant Huguenot regions in France, revoking their charter in 1685 and forcing more than 200,000 into exile. His military campaigns sought to insulate France from foreign aggression and end France's encirclement by hostile neighbors. As such, he campaigned against the Spanish Netherlands in 1667 and against Dutch Protestants from 1672 to 1678. Though he did not build an Empire with these wars, Louis was able to secure additional security for France and partition his enemies' territory. Louis was also a master at cultivating a powerful public image, employing the great artists of the French Baroque to paint and sculpt his image in glorious manner. The centerpiece of this public display was his palace at Versailles, the most impressive royal residence of its day. Louis would also found the Academies of Painting and Sculpture, Science, and Architechture, commission works by dramatists like Moliere and composers like Jean Baptiste Lully, and take steps toward making Paris a modern city rather than a walled capitol. He faced several setbacks later in life in the War of the League of Augsburg (1688-1697) and the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713), the last of these being an unsuccessful attempt to secure the Spanish throne for his grandson Philip, thus creating a union of France and Spain. Successful in gaining French security but failing to establish French dominance, Louis passed away in 1715, his last words being "I depart; France remains." (bio by: Stuthehistoryguy) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouses:
  Françoise d'Aubigné (1635 - 1719)*
   Maria Theresa of Spain (1638 - 1683)*
 
 Children:
   Louis Le Grand Dauphin (1661 - 1711)*
  Louis de Bourbon (1667 - 1683)*
  Louise Françoise de Bourbon (1673 - 1743)*
  Françoise Marie de Bourbon (1677 - 1749)*
  Louis Alexandre de Bourbon (1678 - 1737)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Saint Denis Basilique
Saint-Denis
Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis
Île-de-France, France
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Dec 11, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 7531
King Louis, XIV
Added by: Kieran Smith
 
King Louis, XIV
Added by: Philippe Landru
 
King Louis, XIV
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Mike Reed
 
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- daniel1903
 Added: Sep. 5, 2014

- DENA ANN
 Added: Sep. 5, 2014

- R I P
 Added: Sep. 5, 2014
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