Chesley was the son of Christopher I. Ashlin and and Lucy Baker. Chesley married Phoebe Byrd James 30 DEC 1822 in Wythe Co VA. They had the following children:
1. Frances Ashlin Kincannon b 1824? 2. Lucy Ann Ashlin Groseclose b 1826 3. James Ashlin b 1828 4. Columbus Perry Ashlin b 1830 5. Catherine M. Ashlin Williams b 1834 6. Clementine Ashlin b 1836 7. German Baker Ashlin b 1839
Chesley's and German's birth years were contributed by descendant Art Ashlin.