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Aubrey de Vere
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Birth: 1110
Essex, England
Death: Dec. 26, 1194
Greater London, England

1st Earl of Oxford, Royal Chamberlain

Eldest son of Aubrey de Vere, Master Chamberlain under King Henry I, and Alice de Clare, grandson of Aubrey de Vere, Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare and Adeliza de Claremont. He was born about 1110, and had four brothers and four sisters.

Aubrey was the husband of Beatrice, the daughter of Henry, the Constable of Bourbourg, the granddaughter and heiress to Manasses, the Count of Guines in France. After he became Earl of Oxford, and about 1143, he refused to live with Beatrice whose father arranged a divorce, and Aubrey lost his title of Count of Guines.

Aubrey married a second time, to Euphemia, said to be the daughter of William de Cantilupe. They married in or before 1152, but Euphemia died before late 1153, buried at Colne Priory.

Aubrey was married a third time, to Agnes, the daughter of Henry de Essex, Lord of Rayleigh. Aubrey was over fifty, Agnes was eleven. Within a year, Aubrey tried to reject her as his wife based on she was living with his brother and her father had been completely disgraced. He had kept her confined, not allowing her outside access, until friends of Agnes appealed to the Bishop of London all the way up to Pope Alexander III, who directed the Bishop to demand her rights be reinstated within twenty days or experience excommunication. As a result, Aubrey and Agnes had four sons and one daughter; Aubrey 2nd Earl, Ralph, Robert, Henry and Alice.

Aubrey had a large part in the civil war between King Stephen and Matilda. He succeeded his father who was slain in a riot in London on 15 May 1141, during the civil war. After King Stephen was captured at the Battle of Lincoln, Aubrey switched loyalties to the Empress, but only until the King was freed in November, when Stephen confirmed his inheritance.

In 1142, he supposedly joined his brother in law, Geoffrey de Mandeville, in his plot against King Stephen, Matilda granted him the position of Royal Chamberlain in 1142 for his loyalty, as well as the title of Earl or Count Aubrey. He would be awarded with his choice of four titles, Aubrey chose the Earl of Oxford. Stephen discovered the plot, Aubrey was arrested at St Albans and surrendered Canfield Castle for his freedom, and refused to acknowledge Aubrey's titles or position. After Matilda's death, Aubrey was with Stephen at the siege of Wallingford, where the king finally recognized Aubrey as the Earl of Oxford just before the end of the civil war.

Aubrey followed the next King, Henry II, the son of Matilda, who confirmed Aubrey's grants, and helping to resist Robert de Beaumont at Suffolk in 1173. Aubrey was present at the coronation of King Richard I in 1189, Aubrey wed his eldest son of Isabel de Bolebec after paying a sum of 500 marks in 1190, and was required to help pay the king's ransom to the Emperor Henry VI in 1194.

Aubrey was a benefactor to several religious houses, including Colne Priory, the family seat, and Hatfield Regis Priory. 
Family links: 
  Aubrey de Vere (1080 - 1141)
  Adeliza de Clare de Vere (1091 - 1163)
  Euphemia De Cantilupe De Vere (____ - 1153)*
  Agnes De Essex De Vere (1151 - 1212)*
  Aubrey IV de Vere (1163 - 1214)*
  Robert Magna De Vere (1164 - 1221)*
  Robert Magna De Vere (1164 - 1221)*
  William de Vere (____ - 1198)*
  Juliana de Vere Bigod (1108 - 1199)*
  Rohese De Vere De Beauchamp (1110 - 1167)*
  Aubrey de Vere (1110 - 1194)
*Calculated relationship
Colne Priory
Earls Colne
Braintree District
Essex, England
Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
Record added: Jul 30, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 74171108
Aubrey de Vere
Added by: Creative Commons
Aubrey de Vere
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Added by: geoffrey gillon
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- Carolee McGill-Barker
 Added: Aug. 2, 2016
Honoring the life of my 22nd great grandfather.
- Patricia Williams Curry
 Added: May. 18, 2016

- Pat Scherzinger
 Added: Mar. 16, 2016
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